Die Schwalbe

63 problem(s) found in 2859 milliseconds (displaying 63 problem(s)). [COMMENTDATE>=20200919 AND NOT K='Hilfsrückzüger' AND K='Rochade']

1 - P0000050
Andriy Frolkin
(T) Die Schwalbe 102 12/1986
P0000050
(13+13)
Vor mindestens 50 Einzelzügen mußte rochiert werden!
R: 1. ... La2-b1 2. Dh7-g8 Lb1-a2 3. Kg8-h8 La2-b1 4. Kf7-g8 Lb1-a2 5. Ke8-f7 La2-b1 6. Kd8-e8 Lb1-a2 7. Kc7-d8 La2-b1 8. Kb6-c7 Lb1-a2 9. Kc5-b6 La2-b1 10. Kd4-c5 Lb1-a2 11. Ke4-d4 La2-b1 12. Kf3-e4 Lb1-a2 13. Kg4-f3 La2-b1 14. Kh3-g4 Lb1-a2 15. Kh2-h3 La2-b1 16. Kg1-h2 Lb1-a2 17. h2xTg3 Th3-g3 18. Dg8-h7 Th8-h3 19. Sg3-h1 h7xTg6 20. Tg5-g6 La2-b1 21. Ta5-g5 Lb1-a2 22. Ta2-a5 f5-f4 23. Tb2-a2 La2-b1 24. Tb1-b2 f6-f5 25. Tf1-b1 Lb1-a2 26. 0-0
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James Malcom: It seems to me that this masterful problem is cooked, because the final position is illegal?! (2020-11-07)
Henrik Juel: The animation does yield an illegal position (with wD enclosed on g8)
I believe that the retroplay is incorrect
It gives the uncastling earlier than stipulated (2020-11-07)
James Malcom: Yes, the retorplay is actually 49 moves, not 50-I based it on han's now hidden comment. However, without access to rhe relevant issue of Die Schwalbe-it is not on Vaclav's link page-I know not or can guess the true solution, but surely it is on the same as the current pseudo-try. (2020-11-08)
James Malcom: Wait-I think that the solution is that it must be Black to move first! Just figured this out after last comment. Lemme try out the retro animation. (2020-11-08)
James Malcom: And indeed it does work! Having Black move first later saves them from an illegal tempo move that encloses the White queen from an illegal cage drom which it can never escape. A very exquisite trap for any retro solver! (2020-11-08)
James Malcom: Lastly, here is a PG that may or may not be the shortest: 1. Nf3 c5 2. Ne5 Qb6 3. Nc3 Qb3 4. axb3 c4 5. Nd5 c3 6. Ra6 Nf6 7. Rd6 Ng4 8. Re6 Ne3 9. Nf4 Nxf1 10. Nh5 Ne3 11. Ng3 Nc4 12. bxc4 dxe6 13. Nf5 Bd7 14. Ng3 Ba4 15. Nf5 Bb3 16. Ng3 Ba2 17. Nf5 Nc6 18. Ng3 Na5 19. Nf5 Nb3 20. Ng3 Na1 21. b3 a6 22. Ba3 Ra7 23. Bc5 Kd8 24. Qc1 Kc8 25. Qa3 Kc7 26. Qa4 Bb1 27. Qe8 f6 28. Qf7 Kc8 29. Qg8 Kb8 30. Bd6+ Ka8 31. Bb8 Ba2 32. Nd7 Bb1 33. O-O Ba2 34. Rb1 f5 35. Rb2 Bb1 36. Ra2 f4 37. Ra5 Ba2 38. Rg5 Bb1 39. Rg6 hxg6 40. Nh1 Rh3 41. Qh7 Rg3 42. hxg3 Ba2 43. Kh2 Bb1 44. Kh3 Ba2 45. Kg4 Bb1 46. Kf3 Ba2 47. Ke4 Bb1 48. Kd4 Ba2 49. Kc5 Bb1 50. Kb6 Ba2 51. Kc7 Bb1 52. Kd8 Ba2 53. Ke8 Bb1 54. Kf7 Ba2 55. Kg8 Bb1 56. Kh8 Ba2 57. Qg8 Bb1 (2020-11-08)
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comment
Keywords: Castling in the retro play
Genre: Retro
FEN: kB3bQK/rp1Np1p1/p3p1p1/8/2P2p2/1Pp3P1/2PPPPP1/nb5N
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-11-08 more...
2 - P0000195
Frank Christiaans
7167 Die Schwalbe 126 12/1990
P0000195
(13+10)
#3
b) wSe4 nach g8
a) 1. 0-0? droht 2. Tf8+ Kd7 3. Lxe6#
1. ... Lxc5! 2. Sxc5 0-0-0!
1. Thf1! 0-0-0 2. Lxe6+ Td7 3. Tf8#
b) 1. Thf1? Lxc5 2. Sxc5 0-0-0!
1. 0-0! Lxc5 2. Sxc5 ... (0-0-0?) 3. Tf8#
play all play one stop play next play all
a) zuletzt h6-h5 und beide Rochaden sind noch möglich. Schläge von Weiß: Bbxc, Bcxd, Bhxg, Bfxg-g8=L.
b) gegenseitiger Ausschluss der beiden Rochaden. 3 Fälle sind zu betrachten:
b1) zuletzt f7xDe6; Weiß muss 4x geschlagen haben: Bfxexdxc8=L, d.h. s0-0-0 ist unzulässig.
b2) zuletzt d7xDe6; zu den 4 Schlägen von a) wird auch der sBf gebraucht, der sich auf f1 umwandeln muss, also w0-0 unzulässig.
b3) zuletzt h6-h5: wBf zieht über f7 zum UW-Feld g8, g.h. s0-0-0 unzulässig.
Henrik Juel: C+ Popeye 4.61 after analysis (2020-10-30)
A.Buchanan: A very harmonious problem. Suppose that both sides retain castling rights. wLh3 is obtrusive, so wBf/h promoted via g7, and escaped via e6 so sBe6 came from d7 later. Wh has made at least 4 pcs, while Bl has made 2 (D & Lc) dxe6, gxh6. If last move was dxe6, then sD & sLc were captured by officers in cage. Thus sBf was captured by wB, and therefore promoted on f1, disrupting wK. Therefore the last move was h6-h5. In (a) there is no problem retaining both castling rights, but in (b) Sg8 must have reached that square via f6 *after* the promotion, disrupting bK. However in (b) the castling rights are incompatible. In (a) 1. 0-0? Lxc5! 1. Tf1!, while in (b) the reverse.
Neither twin is a PRA problem: in (a) there is no conflict between the castling, while in (b) RS applies: the pre-emptive Wh castling means we are in a reality where Bl cannot castle. (2020-10-31)
comment
Keywords: Castling (wksg), Obtrusive material (L), Retro Strategy (RS)
Genre: Retro, 3#
FEN: r3k3/ppp1p2p/Nb2p3/P1PP2Pp/4N3/7B/3PPRP1/4K2R
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2020-10-31 more...
3 - P0000775
Ferad Kakabadze
1422 Die Schwalbe 30 12/1974
P0000775
(11+5) C+
#3
Welches waren die letzten 2 Einzelzüge?
1. e8=D! f5 2. exf6ep e5 3. Dxe5#
R: 1. b2-b1=L 0-0
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Henrik Juel: The forward play is C+ Popeye 4.61
1.e8=D thr. 2.Dc8 thr. 3.Dc3#
1... f5 2.exf6ep e5 3.Dxe5#
(1... f6 does not prevent the threat, so 2.exf6 is not considered dualistic) (2020-09-26)
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comment
Keywords: Last Moves?, Valladao Task, En passant, Promotion, Castling in the retro play, Obtrusive material
Genre: Retro, 3#
FEN: 8/3pPp2/3Pp3/4P3/1N3P2/B7/P1P2P2/kb3RK1
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-09-27 more...
4 - P0000793
Nikita M. Plaksin
Andrey Lobusov

1558 Die Schwalbe 33 06/1975
4. Preis
P0000793
(13+5) C+
#3 (AP)
1. cxd6ep+! Kxg3 2. 0-0! (proving ep ok)
2. ... Kg4 3. g8=D,T#
2. ... a1=D,L 3. Dg5#

R: 1. d7-d5 Tc6xh6 (unless R: Kg1-g2 Th~*h1)
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VL: A posteriori (AP)!
2.g8Q(R)+/Rg1+? Kf4 3.Qg5#??
Retro: d7-d5, Rc6xh6+ (unless Kg1-g2, Rh~-h1+).
One of the best AP-type problems. (2015-08-20)
James Malcom: The first Valladao AP? (2020-10-03)
A.Buchanan: Hi James, there are 6 earlier ones in PDB, not counting those which are not marked as Valladao (could quite a few, as basic AP is 2/3 of Valladao). Type k='a p' and not g='fairies' and k='valladao', and set sort order by date. The ur-problem is P0003417. (2020-10-03)
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Keywords: Castling (wk), a posteriori (AP), En passant as key, Promotion (ws), Valladao Task (w w w/s)
Genre: Retro, 3#
Computer test: Popeye v4.85 + minor retro/AP thought
FEN: B7/p5PP/p6R/Q1Pp4/8/PP1P2P1/p3P1k1/4K2R
Reprints: (B) Die Schwalbe 48 12/1976
feenschach 40 11-12/1977
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2020-10-03 more...
5 - P0003417
John Frederick Keeble
2206 The Problemist FCS 16, p. 173, 02/1936
P0003417
(4+5) C+
h#3
Weiß zieht an
1. ... exd6ep 2. 0-0-0 dxe7+ 3. Tf8 exf8=T,D#
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H.Juel: If Black may castle, last move was not made by Ke8 or Ta8, but by Pd5, so it was d7-d5, and hence White may capture en passant. 1... exd6ep 2.0-0-0 dxe7 3.Tf8 exf8=DT# where the castling (belatedly) justifies the e.p. capture.
Not 1... exd6ep 2.Kd8? dxe7 3.Kc8 e8=DT
C+ by Popeye 4.61, except for the promotion mate dual, which was considered acceptable in the old days.
Nachdruck in "Die Schwalbe" 33 mit Diagrammfehler (wBe6 fehlt).
VL: The first AP-problem! Thematic illegal try:
1. ... exd6ep 2.Kd8? dxe7+ 3.Kc8 e8=T(D)#?? (2007-02-11)
Mario Richter: 46 years between this Problem and P1366663 - perhaps this was not Keeble's first AP-Problem?! (2019-08-29)
Ladislav Packa: Of course I know the idea a posteriori. But let my heresy be forgiven - I do not consider it logical. In this particular example, I consider e.p. for proof that black can castling - not vice versa. (2019-08-29)
A.Buchanan: Hi Ladislav. If ep is ok, then Black just moved a pawn with double hop. That doesn't stop Black having e.g. moved bK right at the beginning of the game. So you can't prove that Black definitely can castle this way. What am I missing here? (2019-08-29)
Ladislav Packa: Your statement is perfectly fine. However, the AP condition is usually interpreted as castling is evidence of e.p. However, the second party does not have to do castling - the possibility has already been demonstrated by the existence of e.p. (2019-08-29)
A.Buchanan: Hi again Ladislav. Please try again, I am obviously being very stupid. I don't understand how 1. exd6ep is any more indicative that Black can castle than 1. K~. (2019-08-30)
Ladislav Packa: Hi, Andre!
e.p. is just a result of the d7-d5 move. Black can castle only if it was the last move of black (even without wPe5). Therefore, it does not have the logic of joining the e.p. with castling. For example, ask yourself if black is allowed to castle in the position without wPe5. (2019-08-30)
A.Buchanan: Hi Ladislav, I still don't understand you. Heresies must be explained extraordinarily carefully :-)
Following the conventions:
(1) Black retains castling rights because we cannot prove that bK or bR ever moved.
(2) If e.p. is now played, then we still require the same castling convention, as bK or bR might have moved earlier in the game.
(3) So the actual execution of the e.p. does not prove anything new about castling.
(4) Hence it is incorrect to say "e.p. [is] proof that black can [castle]".
Which step do you disagree with?
Yes by the convention, Black could castle in the position without wPe5. What does that prove? (2020-10-03)
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comment
Keywords: a posteriori (AP), En passant as key, Castling (sg), Promotion (T), Valladao Task
Genre: h#, Retro
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: r3k3/2p1p3/2P1P3/2KpP3/8/8/8/8
Reprints: V. Die Schwalbe 33, p. 323, 06/1975
2001 CHM Themes 12/2000
3 Die Schwalbe 215, p. 240, 10/2005
A1 Problemkiste 169 02/2007
14 Die Schwalbe 241, p. 374, 02/2010
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2018-01-03 more...
6 - P0003423
Matti Arvo Myllyniemi
3975 Stella Polaris 01/1971
P0003423
(7+11)
h#3 (AP)
0.2.1...
1. ... g6 2. 0-0 gxf7 3. Kh8 Le5#
1. ... cxb6ep 2. 0-0-0 bxa7 3. Td7 a8=D#
play all play one stop play next play all
Henrik Juel: Analysis
If Black can castle both ways, last move must have been b7-b5
C+ Popeye 4.61 (2020-10-25)
comment
Keywords: a posteriori (AP), En passant as key, Castling (sksg), Promotion (D), Valladao Task
Genre: h#, Retro
FEN: r3k2r/p4p1p/8/KpP2PP1/4PBpP/5pp1/6p1/8
Reprints: Nordisches Turnier 1970-1971
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-10-25 more...
7 - P0005327
Valerian Onitiu
8397 The Fairy Chess Review 9 28/11/1949
P0005327
(14+16)
BP in 19,0
Die PAS wurde verändert, indem die Position der schwarzen und weißen Steine geändert wurde (Free Chess).
PAS: ssltktdl, LDTKTLSS (nnbrkrqb/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/BQRKRBNN)
1. b3 0-0-0 (Kf8, Te8) 2. Lf6 gxf6 3. Sg3 Lg7 4. Se4 Lh6 5. Sc5 Le3 6. Sa6 Lb6 7. e3 Dg3 8. Lc4 Dd6 9. Le6 fxe6 10. Sf3 Kf7 11. 0-0 (Kg1,Tef1) Tg8 12. Tce1 Tg3 13. Dd1 Th3 14. g4 Tg8 15. Kg2 Tg5 16. Th1 Tb5 17. Sg5 Kg7 18. Df3 La5 19. Te2 Tb6
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Originalforderung: "In No. 8397 pieces began game on normal ranks, but not in normal array. The two arrays were however similar, e.g., similar pieces were on c1 and f8. Black has just played his 19th move. What was the game?"
Mario Richter: I do not understand, why 1. ... (Kf8, Te8) is noticed as "0-0-0" (does "Free Chess" have a "Free Castling Rule"?) (2020-09-20)
comment
Keywords: Unique Proof Game, Castling
Genre: Retro
FEN: nnb5/ppppp2p/Nr1qppk1/b5N1/6P1/1P2PQ1r/P1PPRPKP/7R
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: Mario Richter, 2020-09-20 more...
8 - P0006242
Harold Holgate Cross
5553 FEENSCHACH 09-10/1961
P0006242
(12+15)
#1
b) Be2 nach e3
Mario Richter: vgl. P1011972 (dort sLa3 statt sTa3) (2020-09-23)
comment
Keywords: Castling, Non-standard material
Genre: Retro
FEN: 8/2ppp2p/1p6/1p6/brPN4/rqP3PP/nbrPPP1r/RNk1K2R
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-08-14
Last update: Gerd Wilts, 2004-09-12 more...
9 - P0008793
Andrej N. Kornilow
Shakhmaty v SSSR 1978
P0008793
(15+8)
#1.5
1. Ta1-d1+? (Completing the castling!)
a) 1. ... Td4 2. Txd4#
0) 1. xc5ep+? (Completing en passant!)
b) 1. ... Tb5 2. Txb5#
0) 1. xe8=S+? (Completing the promotion!)
c) 1. ... e6 2. Sf6#

0) 1. Sxe7+! Lxe7 2. f8=B# (Omitting the promotion!)
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Henrik Juel: Completing the key isn't legal, 1.'Rd1'/'-bPc5'/'e8S'+, but omitting the promotion in the mating move is, 1.Sxe7+ Bxe7 2.'f8'#. Excellent joke. (2003-09-19)
James Malcom: A very witty joke Valladao! (2020-09-24)
A.Buchanan: Really like this joke (2020-09-25)
Henrik Juel: To see the illegality of completing 1.fxe8=S+?, note the captures:
Black captured fxDe, so [Pg7,h7] were captured on their files, while the other six missing black men were captured by white pawns
The illegality of completing 1.0-0-0,bxc6ep? is rather obvious (2020-09-26)
James Malcom: And for those you don't find it obvious: If the White king hasn't moved, then where did wRa5, and wBb8 if bPb5 has just done a double-step, come from? Neither can be promoted pieces, as White still has all eight pawns. Trying to finish castling and en passant therefore both produce illegal positions and thus cannot be the solution. (2020-09-26)
Henrik Juel: Continuing beating the dead horse...
How does the white player actually perform an entire move?
1.0-0-0+: Ke1-c1 and Ta1-d1
1.bxc6ep+: Pb5-c6 and remove sPc5
1.fxe8=S+: remove sYe8 and Pf7-e8 and replace wPe8 with wSe8 (three fractional actions)
2.f8=Y#: Pf7-f8 and replace wPf8 with wYf8
So a marginally better stipulation might be: 'White to move mates in less than 2 moves' (2020-09-26)
A.Buchanan: I've tried to set up some intermediate diagrams to allow us to show the animation, but the pieces seem to move even for words which are not moves (and marked italic/red). It's quite baffling. It's almost as if someone with privilege has gone in the background and assigned moves to those dead words. If so, that's extremely unhelpful. Gerd was quite active on this site for a month in German lockdown, for which I'm grateful, but one key task is still waiting: to empower the editors by documenting exactly how the animation decides what to do based on the diagram(s) and stipulation. (2020-09-27)
A.Buchanan: The PDB stipulation field should be non-text form to drive the animation. Where the stipulation is non-standard, there should be a Unicode representation of the original, and translations into German, English and French. But cannot overwrite any original non-standard stipulation, in my opinion, as it is part of the composer's work. (2020-09-27)
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Keywords: En passant, Halber Zug, Castling, Promotion, Valladao Task (half!), Joke, Dummy Pawn
Genre: Retro, n#
FEN: 1B1N1bB1/p2ppP2/2P5/R1pk1N2/1r2p3/1P2P1P1/4PP1P/R1K5
Reprints: (III) Quartz 4 1997
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1997-06-21
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2020-09-27 more...
10 - P0517402
György Paros
446 Magyar Sakkvilag 07-08/1936
2. Preis
P0517402
(8+9) C+
h#3
1. Kxc2+ Sd1 2. Dxb4+ Sdc3 3. Kd3 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
Krabbe's Reprint: "And here is a (helpmate-)example from as far back as 1936.

(diagram)

Thanks to Zalmen Kornin and Frank Richter (and the Chess Problems Forum) for pointing this out."
F123
Verst-4
James Malcom: This is the earliest known helpmate that features the Belen theme. (2020-09-20)
comment
Keywords: Castling (wg), Belen Theme
Genre: h#
Computer test: (Popeye C-Version 3.52 (2048 KB))
FEN: 8/8/8/n3n1b1/NPp5/P3pp2/PNP5/Rqk1Kb2
Reprints: 253 Tim Krabbé's Website 14/1/2005
Input: HBae, 1997-09-28
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-09-21 more...
11 - P0533776
Roman Fedorovich (Zalokotsky)
Pjotr T. Golowkow

223 1. Klein-Winsener Rochade-TT 01/1984
P0533776
(2+7) cooked
h#3
1. Lf7 a8=L 2. 0-0 Le4 3. Lh8 Lxh7#

NL:
1. Le6 a8=D+ 2. Lc8 Db7 3. 0-0 Dxh7#
1. La2 a8=D+ 2. Kf7 Da4 3. Kg8 De8#
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Klaus Funk: Korrektur: +sBe6 (2004-04-08)
Yuri Bilokin: Correction: -bQg2, +bNc7 4k1br/P1n4p/7K/8/8/8/8/b5r1 (2+7) (2020-11-25)
comment
Keywords: Castling (sk)
Genre: h#
FEN: 4k1br/P6p/7K/8/8/8/6q1/b5r1
Input: Andreas Mokosch, 1997-09-20
Last update: hpr, 1999-04-06 more...
12 - P1011972
Harold Holgate Cross
Die Schwalbe 1961
P1011972
(12+15)
#1
b) wBe2 nach e3
a) 1. 0-0#
R: 1. Tg2-h2 Sf5-d4 2. Th2-g2 Se3-f5 3. Tg2-h2 Sf1-e3 4. Tg1-g2 Se3-f1 5. g2-g1=T ... 6. f3xDg2 ... 7. f4-f3 Da8-g2 8. f5-f4 a7-a8=D 9. f6-f5 a6-a7 10. f7-f6 a5-a6 11. a6xLb5 Lc6-b5 12. Lb5-a4
b) 1. Se2#
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No. 1039 HN
Mario Richter: vgl. P0006242 (dort sTa3 statt sLa3) (2020-09-23)
Henrik Juel: White captured bxc and promoted on a8
Black captured axb and promoted twice on g1: f3xg2-g1=T, g3xh2xg1=L
In part b) the castling right cannot be preserved, because the tempo is wrong (2020-09-23)
comment
Keywords: Cant Castler, Castling
Genre: Retro
FEN: 8/2ppp2p/1p6/1p6/brPN4/bqP3PP/nbrPPP1r/RNk1K2R
Input: Henri Nouguier, 2004-01-11
Last update: Mario Richter, 2020-09-23 more...
13 - P1146458
Ivar Ejeland
9038 Tidskrift för Schack 03/1946
P1146458
(3+2) C+
#3
1. 0-0-0 h5 2. Kb1 Kb3 3. Td3#
1. ... Kb3 2. Td3+ Ka2 3. Ta4#
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E2-b3 m
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comment
Keywords: Miniature Collection (0322041), Castling as key
Genre: 3#
Computer test: SCHRECKE: C+, popeye 4.85 (2020-10-26)
FEN: 8/8/7p/8/7R/2k5/8/R3K3
Input: Zuncke/Bruder, 2010-09-11
Last update: Erich Bartel, 2020-10-27 more...
14 - P1146497
Colin Albert Harry Russ
A Deutsche Schachzeitung , p. 46, 01/1986
P1146497
(4+3)
#2
1. Ke2? droht 2. Tg4#
1. ... Kg2!

1. 0-0! Kxh3 2. Tf3#
1. ... a3 2. Tb3#
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E2-b2
SCHRECKE: C+, popeye 4.85 (2020-10-21)
comment
Keywords: Miniature Collection (0018565), Castling as key
Genre: 2#
FEN: 8/8/8/8/pR5p/6kP/8/4K2R
Input: Felber, Volker, 2010-09-11
Last update: Rainer Staudte, 2020-10-21 more...
15 - P1186997
Erich Bartel
5552 Problemkiste (138) 12/2001
P1186997
(4+4) C+
h=3 (AP)
0.1...
1. ... hxg6ep 2. 0-0 g7 3. Kh7 gxf8=D=
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Wenn ep erlaubt sein soll, dann muß g7-g5 der letzte Zug gewesen sein. Dies wiederum bedingt, daß sK+sT noch nicht gezogen haben. Nur unter dieser Betrachtungsweise (AP) ist das Ding korrekt.\eb
Löserstimmen:
Diese AP-Idee ist ja nun hinlänglich bekannt, aber man muß auch darauf kommen, sie für den Valladao zu nutzen. Finde ich prima (MN).
ep, und dann kann Schwarz auch noch rochieren (HM).
Wenn g7-g5 letzter Zug war, darf Schwarz noch rochieren (KF)...
AP (= a posteriori) argumentiert andersrum: wenn Schwarz noch soll rochieren dürfen, muß g7-g5 der letzte schwarze Zug gewesen sein (\eb)
Unlösbar! Der Autor meint wohl, man könnte mit 1. ... hxg6ep 2. 0-0 loslegen; hier irrt Goethe. Die beiden Konventionen -ep-Schlag nur, wenn Zulässigkeit retroanalytisch beweisbar ist; Rochade stets, außer wenn Unzulässigkeit retroanalytisch beweisbar ist- sind zwar passend verknüpft. Was aber den Vorrang hat, zeigt die zeitlich Reihenfolge der Anwendung. Zuerst kommt der ep-Schlag, und diesbezüglich gilt: Zulässigkeit nicht beweisbar, also nicht erlaubt (LZ).
Lieber Herr Zagler, vielen Dank für Ihren Kommentar, aber ich denke nicht, daß dazu eine Stellungnahme erforderlich ist, denn dazu ist schon viel diskutiert und geschrieben worden, ichverweise nur auf G. Lauingers "a posteriori Zwischenbilanz" in feenschach (80) X-XI 1986, S.414 ff, wo die AP-Regelung allgemein wie folgt definiert wurde:
"Eine einleitende Handlung (z.B. ein ep-Schlag oder ein unkonventionell Beginn), deren Zulässigkeit nach gültigen Konventionen zunächst nicht nachgewiesen werden kann, wird im Verlauf der Lösung(en) nachträglich durch einen oder mehrere Sonderzüge legalisiert. Legalisieren bedeutet dabei, daß _nur_mit_der_Ausführung_ des Sonderzuges (der Sonderzüge) dessen (deren) Zulässigkeit nachgewiesen wird und gleichzeitig (i.a. aus retroanalytischen Gründen) damit auch nachträglich die Zulässigkeit der einleitenden Handlung."
Ob Sie nun mit dieser Regelung einverstanden sind hat für o.a. Aufgabe wenig Bedeutung, denn nach o.a. "AP"-Definition ist sie lösbar. Wenn Sie "AP" so nicht akzeptieren und einer anderen Retro-Philosophie zugetan sind, steht das auf einem anderen Blatt. Da müßten Sie sich dann mit den entsprechenden Experten auseinandersetzen. (\eb)
Da nur die Rochade den sK nach h7 zu manövrieren vermag, fällt manchem sicher gar nicht erst auf, daß allein sie (neben dem Autor, natürlich!) für die Legalisierung des e.p.-Schlages verantwortlich ist (MR).
Valladao-Task. Bei dieser Ausgangsstellung mit Ansage (HL).
A.Buchanan: Removing the superfluous sBf7 adds various non-castling lines which the AP convention duly protects us from, and makes the composition a sound miniature (2020-10-03)
comment
Keywords: Valladao Task, Castling, En passant, Promotion, a posteriori (AP)
Genre: Retro
Computer test: %Popeye FreeBSD-4.3-RELEASE-32Bit-Version 3.73
FEN: 4k2r/5p2/5P1P/5KpP/8/8/8/8
Reprints: Springaren (116) 03/2010
K3966 Problemkiste (199/200) 03/2012
Input: Erich Bartel, 2011-02-09
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2014-09-05 more...
16 - P1204318
Fritz Loepert
Mate 1982
P1204318
(10+11) C+
s#5
1. 0-0-0 0-0 2. Sh6+ Kh8 3. Dc3+ Tf6 4. Sf7+ Kg8 5. Dxc8+ Txc8#
play all play one stop play next play all
James Malcom: Dumb question: What happens after Black plays 1. ... Lc2 and the like? (2020-11-03)
comment
Keywords: Castling (s w)
Genre: s#
Computer test: O. Jenkner: Gustav 3.2 d
FEN: qrn1k2r/p1Q1pN1b/1p1pP3/3P3N/8/8/pP1P4/R3KR2
Input: Frank Müller, 2011-10-09
Last update: Olaf Jenkner, 2011-11-14 more...
17 - P1275310
Klaus Funk
774 König & Turm 28 12/2009
P1275310
(3+7) C+
h#2
2.1...
Andernachschach
1) 1. gxh1=wT! 0-0 2. Ka3 Ta1#

2) 1. gxh1=wD! Dh6 2. Sd1 Da6#
play all play one stop play next play all
more ...
comment
Keywords: Castling, Umwandlungswechsel, Andernach Chess
Genre: Fairies
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/8/8/8/kp2p3/1p2p3/1n2P1p1/4K2R
Input: Klaus Funk, 2013-07-29
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-09-30 more...
18 - P1287896
Jelisej K. Lebedkin
68 Die Schwalbe 29, p. 213, 10/1974
Preis, 154. TT., Abt. 3
Richter: H. P. Suwe
P1287896
(12+7) cooked
#3*
* 1. ... Sa3-c2+ 2. Db2xc2 droht 3. Dc2-g6#, 3. Dc2-f5#
2. ... f3-f2+ 3. Dc2xf2#
1. Th2-h4? droht 2. Th4-f4#
1. ... e7-e5!
1. 0-0-0! droht 2. Db2-b6 ... 3. Db6-g6,Db6-e6#, 2. Td1-f1 ... 3. Tf1xf3#
1. ... e7-e5 2. dxe6ep+ Kf7xe6 3. d7-d8=S#
1. ... g7-g5 2. hxg6ep+ Kf7xg6 3. h7-h8=S#
1. ... g7-g6 2. h5xg6+ Kf7xg6 3. h7-h8=S#
play all play one stop play next play all
Cook: NL:
1.Db2-b6 ! Drohung: 2.Db6-g6 # 2.Db6-e6 #
1...Sa3-c2 + 2.Ke1-d2 Drohung: 3.Db6-g6 # 3.Db6-e6 #
Von der NL mal abgesehen, dieser Wust von Nebenvarianten und "Verführungen" machen das Stück für meinen Geschmack schon fast zum Ärgernis. \eb 16.1.2001

'Die Schwalbe', Heft 33 (Juni 1975), S. 341: "Nr. 68/Lebedkin hat nach 1. ... e5 den Dual 2. Dxe5 und zu dem die NL 1. Dd6! [gemeint war wohl 1. Db6!].
Die Auszeichnungen der inkorrekten Aufgaben entfallen. Ein Nachrücken nachfolgender Preisprobleme an die Stelle entfallener Aufgaben findet nicht statt."
milan: m.j.frelih::sBb7 nach a7 1.0-0-0! (2014-09-14)
James Malcom: Is it possible that the bP on b7 was a misprint and it should have been on a7? Because it seems very bizarre that such an obvious cook could slip into an awarded problem. (2020-09-26)
comment
Keywords: Valladao Task, En passant, Castling
Genre: 3#
FEN: 2N2b2/1p1PpkpP/8/3P3P/8/n3BpN1/1Q4PR/R3K3
Input: Erich Bartel, 2014-09-10
Last update: Mario Richter, 2020-09-26 more...
19 - P1287950
Hilmar Ebert
33 Stern 08/08/1991
P1287950
(6+3) C+
#3
1. 0-0-0! d7-d5 2. cxd6ep e4-e3 3. c7-c8=D,T# (UW-Dual)
play all play one stop play next play all
Henrik Juel: C+ Popeye 4.61 (apart from the promotion mate dual) (2020-09-26)
comment
Keywords: Valladao Task, En passant, Castling as key, Tolerated dual promotion
Genre: 3#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/2Pp4/8/N1P5/4p3/P1k5/8/R3K3
Input: Erich Bartel, 2014-09-12
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-26 more...
20 - P1288715
Bernd Schwarzkopf
A12 Problemkiste (169) 02/2007
P1288715
(4+3) C+
=5
AP-Priorität
1. dxc6ep 0-0-0 2. b7+ Kb8 3. c7+ Kxb7 4. cxd8=D Ka7 5. Dc8=
3. ... Ka7 4. cxd8=S Kb8 5. Ka6,Kb6=
play all play one stop play next play all
A.Buchanan: Guessing so-called "AP-Priorität" is a variant of AP whereby Black is forced to legitimize (or at least forbidden to rule out the possibility of legitimizing) the earlier e.p. (2020-10-03)
comment
Keywords: En passant, a posteriori (AP), Castling, En passant as key, Promotion, Valladao Task
Genre: Retro, Fairies
Computer test: Popeye v4.85 + minor retro/AP thinking
FEN: r3k3/8/1P1P4/1KpP4/8/8/8/8
Input: Erich Bartel, 2014-09-29
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2020-10-03 more...
21 - P1373235
Samuel Loyd
E50 The New York Clipper , p. 390, 28/03/1857
P1373235
(7+10) cooked
#5
1. Dxa3+! Kc2 2. Dxb3+ Txb3 3. Se3+ fxe3 4. Lxd3+ Kxd3 5. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
Cook: Dual
2. Ta2+ Tb2 3. Txb2+ Kc1 4. Ta2+,Th2+,Tg2+,Tf2+,Te2+,Td2 Kb1 5. Sxc3#
"Trick 'o the trade.".
James Malcom: This is the oldest known problem that features the Belen theme. (2020-09-20)
comment
Keywords: Capture key, Castling as mating move (wl), Checking key, Sacrifice of white pieces, Belen Theme
Genre: n#
FEN: 3b4/8/7r/6q1/R4p2/nnpb4/Q7/RrkNKBN1
Reprints: (5) MatPlus.net Forum 3/10/2019
Input: Felber, Volker, 2020-03-08
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-09-21 more...
22 - P1375777
James Malcom
PDB Website 10/4/2020
nach Josef Cumpe
P1375777
(1+8)
Last two moves?
(-:
R: 1. 0-0-0# a7-a8=sT
play all play one stop play next play all
See P1234039
Henrik Juel: Missing Joke keyword, I guess (2020-05-11)
A.Buchanan: Curious that retro a7-a8=sT discomforts the animation still - maybe you should report to Gerd? (I trouble him with enough stuff already - don't want to be the only one emailing him! :-) (2020-05-11)
A.Buchanan: Maybe +sBe7f7 to refute R. ... e8=sK/fxe8=sK :-) Note this "cook" is actually prevented in the original. (2020-05-11)
A.Buchanan: Oops and a more major cook R: 1. Se8/g8-f6+ (2020-05-11)
James Malcom: This problem was only half-finished before I fell asleep. It’s fixed now. (2020-05-11)
A.Buchanan: Great! You could save another piece I think -sLg6, -sBf7, + sDf7. This also removes the obtrusive promotion (2020-05-11)
James Malcom: Yes, that is true. Position edited. (2020-05-11)
James Malcom: I see nothing wrong with fiddling if it improves economy. (2020-05-11)
A.Buchanan: If promotion to Bl unit is allowed, can’t Bl just have played e8xd7+ or g8xh7+? Can replace bPd7 with bR but eliminating bPh7 is more complicated. Need +wPh7 +bPg6h6. And also bRb7 to prevent discovered check by bPc8 prior to e7-e8=bK. I think that’s watertight now! :-) (2020-10-13)
A.Buchanan: The issue is that there are two or three levels of Bl promotion joke: this problem relies on the "basic" joke where black officers can be created. But where's the line to stop us promoting to Bl pawn or king? If we go that far, then a position like this 2kr3K/1r1r1qrR/7p/8/8/8/8/8 is required. Oh dear: sorry to have brought it up :( (2020-10-13)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Castling in the retro play, Promotion in the retro play (t), Rex solus (w), Joke, Joke promotion, Type C
Genre: Retro
FEN: 2kr3K/1p1ppqrp/8/8/8/8/8/8
Input: James Malcom, 2020-05-11
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-10-14 more...
23 - P1380098
Wladimir Naef
Basler Nachrichten 1955
P1380098
(5+2) C+
h#2
1. Kc2 Sbc3 2. Kd3 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Castling as mating move
Genre: h#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/8/8/3N4/2q5/P7/8/RNk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
24 - P1380100
Markus Wettstein
(2856) Neue Zürcher Zeitung 16/6/1968
P1380100
(10+2) C+
#4
1. Sa4! f3 2. La2+ Kc2 3. Sdc3 Kxd3 4. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
Krabbe's Reprint: "The search is over - as was to be expected, Hanspeter Suwe found a real anticipation in his archives.

(diagram)

Suwe adds he does not know the exact date of publication (judging from the photo above, it's a pity that it couldn't be Belén's birthday) and nothing about the author. "It is the same matrix which has also been found by Pérez Carballo and McDowell. The problem by the last one is the best: very good construction with a fantastic key move: 1.Nd1!, a so called AZE (means Anti-Ziel-Element), a term for such a strategic move, created by the Austrian composer Helmut Zajic."
Suwe thinks there might be even older examples and will continue to look for them.

With this information, McDowell found Wettstein's (a Swiss) problem in a book Kunstschach in der Schweiz / Les Echecs artistiques en Suisse" by Hans Henneberger (1980), who comments: "A chess riddle in which one really wouldn't expect castling!"
James Malcom: The first known correct Belen theme directmate. (2020-09-20)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Castling as mating move
Genre: n#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/8/8/1P6/3P1p2/P2P4/1N3P2/RBkNK3
Reprints: 253 Tim Krabbé's Website 28/7/2004
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
25 - P1380101
Milos Marysko
Die Schwalbe 1960
P1380101
(8+6)
h#4
1. Kxc2+ Ld1+ 2. Kxd3 b4 3. Txb4 Lf3 4. Tc4 0-0-0#
3. ... Lb3 4. Txe4 Td1#
2. ... Kf1 3. Txb3 Lxb3 4. Kd2 Td1#
play all play one stop play next play all
Henrik Juel: This looks like a cooked h# (2020-09-20)
James Malcom: Probably, but I don't know whether it's a 3.1 helpmate or not, as I got this from YACPDB. Someone would have to check the original source. (2020-09-20)
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme (Normal & Anti-), Castling as mating move, Checking key
Genre: h#
FEN: 8/8/8/4p3/4P3/pPpPp3/P1P1B3/Rrk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
26 - P1380103
Manuel Pérez Carballo
253 Tim Krabbé's Website 17/7/2004
"The Belén Theme"
Gewidmet Belén (His partner)
P1380103
(8+5)
#4
1. Sxa4! droht 2. Sbc3+ Tb1 3. Txb1
1. ... Txc4 2. Sbc3+ Kc2 3. Ld3+ Kxd3 4. 0-0-0#
2. ... Tb1 3. Ld3 Txa1 4. Se2#
1. ... Txb1 2. Ld3 Txa1 3. Txc2+ Kb1 4. Sc3#
play all play one stop play next play all
"This problem introduces a theme which, to the composer's and my knowledge and surprise, seems not to have been thought of before. Pérez Carballo (a Spanish chess player of around 2150 living in Glasgow - one of the first things he did there was to go to a library where he could see with his own eyes Barbier's 1895 Glasgow Weekly Citizen articles in which the Saavedra position was discovered - "I was almost crying of excitement as I turned the pages of the thick bound volumes until I got to the very colums") always felt attracted to the unusual in chess. He didn't play the Spanish but the Portuguese (1.e4 e5 2.Bb5) and composed some problems and studies with castling and en passant ideas, but this is his first publication.
The idea for this problem had "haunted him for almost a decade", but the best he had been able to come up with was a version with an inexcusably bad key; the capture of a Queen. Then one weekend, he decided to give it one last, all-out try. When he went to bed early Sunday morning, nothing had worked but after waking up, he realised he had seen the solution in a dream. It still needed a finishing touch - the a4 and b4 pawns had been absent - but when he added them, it worked.

1.Nxa4 threatening 2.Nbc3+ and mate. Black has two defences:
a) 1...Rxb1 when 2.Bd3 Rxa1 3.Rxc2+ Kb1 4.Nc3 is mate, and
b) 1...Rxc4 2.Nbc3+ Kc2 (2...Rb1 3.Bd3 Rxa1 4.Ne2 mate) 3.Bd3+ Kxd3 4.O-O-O mate

The switchback mate 4.Nc3 in variation a) and the model mate 4.Ne2 in b) are nice, but 4.O-O-O mate in b) is the central idea of the Belén Theme: in a direct-mate, the Black King starts at c1 and is mated by O-O-O.

But why Belén theme? Pérez Carballo sent me his problem on 17 July, because on that day it was 5 years ago he met his "other passion outside chess", his partner Belén - the Spanish form of Bethlehem. He dedicates his problem to her, and names the theme after her, wondering if ever before a chess theme has been named after a loved one.

So far so good, but there could be two reasons he's holding his breath now. A reader (Hanspeter Suwe for instance, the editor of the castling magazine König & Turm) might know of an earlier Belén problem - and a composer might be inspired to make a better Belén, either improving on this setting, or creating an new one. Pérez Carballo does realize his problem is not the perfect rendering of the theme. For one thing, the ideal Belén would be a three-mover. The flight-taking key is not very good; a black piece on b1 would conceal the solution better (but then it would have to be a four-mover) and he did not manage the Meredith form - 12 pieces or less. But the Pa3 is needed to stop 1.Na3+; the Pa4 is needed to stop 1.Nd2+ Kb2 2.Rb1+ Kxa3 3.Rxb3 mate, and the Pb4 is needed to stop 1.Nd2+ Kb2 2.Rb1+ Kxa3 3.Rxa4 mate.

But he did create the first Belén - nobody can take that from him."
James Malcom: This is the problem on Tim Krabbe's site that sparked the world wide chess phenomenon known as the Belen Theme and the problem that named the theme-https://timkr.home.xs4all.nl/chess2/diary13txt.htm (2020-09-20)
Henrik Juel: The thematic variation is correct
1.Sc3*a4 Rc2*c4 2.Sb1-c3+ Kc1-c2 3.Be2-d3+ Kc2*d3 4.0-0-0#
But the problem is very damaged by duals in other variations, e.g.
1... Tcc3 2.Ld1,Ld3,Sd2+,Sxc3+ (2020-09-20)
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Castling as mating move, Capture key
Genre: n#
FEN: 8/8/8/8/pPR5/PrN1p3/2r1B3/RNk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
27 - P1380104
Michael McDowell
253 Tim Krabbé's Website 26/7/2004
P1380104
(9+1) C+
#3
1. c4! Kc2 2. Sbc3 Kd3 3. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
Within hours, the English problemist Michael McDowell sent me a Belén problem that was both a Meredith and a three-mover.

(diagram)

"Or start Na4 on c3 for a 9-piece setting if you don't mind a flight-taking key," he added. Man for man, that setting was later independently also sent to me by Joshua Green. (The key is then 1.Na4)." [P1380105]
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Rex solus (s), Castling as mating move
Genre: 3#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/8/8/8/N7/PPP5/P4P2/RNk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
28 - P1380105
Joshua Green
253 Tim Krabbé's Website 26/7/2004
P1380105
(8+1) C+
#3
1. Sa4! Kc2 2. Sbc3 Kd3 3. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
[ P1380104] "Or start Na4 on c3 for a 9-piece setting if you don't mind a flight-taking key," he added. Man for man, that setting was later independently also sent to me by Joshua Green. (The key is then 1.Na4)."
A.Buchanan: The castling & e.p. conventions are not inherently retro, although they may combine with other content. We don't enough about the history of the game, so the convention simply decides (2020-09-21)
James Malcom: Wrong problem to comment on, Andrew? (2020-09-21)
A.Buchanan: Hi James - I should have said: this problem was marked Retro not #3, so I changed the genre. My earlier comment is an explanation (2020-09-22)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Rex solus (s), Flight taking, Castling as mating move
Genre: 3#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/8/8/8/8/PPN5/P4P2/RNk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
29 - P1380106
Michael McDowell
253 Tim Krabbé's Website 26/07/2004
P1380106
(6+1) C+
#3
1. La2+! Kc2 2. Sg3 Kxd3 3. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
"Just a few minutes later, McDowell sent me this miniature setting, for the price of a checking key."
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Rex solus (s), Checking key, Flight giving key, Stalemate dissolution, Castling as mating move
Genre: 3#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/8/8/8/3B4/3P4/8/RBk1K2N
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Felber, Volker, 2020-10-12 more...
30 - P1380107
Manuel Pérez Carballo
253 Tim Krabbé's Website 27/7/2004
P1380107
(9+5) C+
#4
1. Sc3! Kc2 2. Sxa2 Lxa2 3. Lxa2 Kd3 4. 0-0-0#
1. ... Kxb2 2. Sxb1+ Kc1,Kc2 3. Sa3#
play all play one stop play next play all
" I may, through lack of attention, have created a awkward problem for the composers. They do care a lot, and rightly so, about precedence, anticipation, novelty of idea & setting.
Between sending me his first Belén problem on 17 July and my publication of it on 24 July, Pérez Carballo also sent me a gamefile with games of his, and at the end two "Belén Theme" four-movers, the second being a new version which I must admit did not really take root in my mind.
Right after my publication of the Belén problem, Michael McDowell sent me the two three-movers above and the next day, the four-move version with 1.Nd1!
As it turns out now however, that other four-mover in Pérez Carballo's gamefile anticipates, to a degree, McDowell's 1.Nd1 four-mover.

(diagram)

Largely the same setting and the same play. There can be no doubt that McDowell's problem is better (at the Chess Problem Discussion Board Pérez Carballo recognizes that) but there is also no doubt Pérez Carballo had some of the ideas first - of course without McDowell knowing that. Still, an anticipation. But: is an anticipation an anticipation without publication? Have I wronged somebody and if so, whom?
I'm afraid all I can do is turn beet-red, and thank both composers for their work. The Belén Theme Story amounts to an interesting insight into the development of a problem idea."
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Flight giving key, Castling as mating move
Genre: n#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 7B/8/8/8/2B1p3/4Pp2/pP3P2/RbkNK1N1
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
31 - P1380108
Michael McDowell
253 Tim Krabbé's Website 26/7/2004
P1380108
(8+2) C+
#4
1. Sd1! Kc2 2. Sdc3 Lxa2 3. Lxa2 Kd3 4. 0-0-0#
2. ... Kc1 3. Sxb1 Kc2 4. Sa3#
play all play one stop play next play all
"And next morning, he sent me "something that looks like a proper chess problem.

(diagram)

1.Nd1! Not only a black piece on b1, but also a key which fills up all the castling squares. 1...Kc2 2.Ndc3 Bxa2 (Kc1 3.Nxb1 Kc2 4.Na3 mate) 3.Bxa2 Kd3 4.O-O-O mate."
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Stalemate dissolution, Castling as mating move
Genre: 3#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/8/8/3P4/N1B5/4N3/P4P2/Rbk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
32 - P1380115
Thomas Beuman
253 Tim Krabbé's Website 08/04/2004
P1380115
(6+1) C+
#3
1. Tb4! Kc2 2. Sbc3 Kd3 3. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
"Thomas Beuman managed a Belén 3-move miniature without a checking key, and without any duals. The key does take a flight square."
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Rex solus (s), Flight taking, Castling as mating move
Genre: 3#
Computer test: Popeye 4.85
FEN: 8/8/8/3N4/R7/P7/8/RNk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Felber, Volker, 2020-10-12 more...
33 - P1380116
Hauke Reddmann
Inselschach 1977
P1380116
(7+2) C+
#3
1. Sa4! Kc2 2. Sbc3 Kd3 3. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
Krabbe's Reprint: "Hauke Reddmann informs me that in 1977, when he was 16, he had also composed a Belén."
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Castling as mating move
Genre: 3#
Computer test: Popeye 4.85
FEN: 8/8/8/8/8/1PN2p2/P4B2/RNk1K3
Reprints: 253 Tim Krabbé's Website 8/8/2004
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-20
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
34 - P1380121
Zalmen Kornin
Kibitzer's Cafe 29/7/2004
P1380121
(5+3)
#3
1. g8=D! Kc2 2. Sxc3 Kd3,Kb2 3. 0-0-0#,Da2#
1. ... axb1=D 2. Da2,Db3 Dxa1 3. Le3#
play all play one stop play next play all
https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessforum.pl?kpage=566&archive=1#kibitzing

"On the subject of a mate in 3 that i showed yesterday here [ P1380114], the duals pointed out kindly by were detected too by T. Krabbé and Joshua Green, and there in "Open Chess Diary" J. Green suggests adding a White Pawn in 'a3', so the Problem is correct, but no longer a miniature and not diverse enough from an earlier MacDowell & Green setting; so the Author (my Chess friend) presents a new "Belén-Theme"- Mate in 3 - Author: Z. Kornin "The Kibitzer's Café" 2004 , Original: White: Ke1 - Ra1 - Bd4 - Nb1 - Pg7, Black: Kc1 - Pa2 - Pc3 #3 (5+3); or in Forsyth: 8-6P1-16-3B4-2p5-p7-RNk1K3 #3"
See the later P1380122
Henrik Juel: A small hint, James:
.. 2. Sxc3 Kd3 3. 0-0-0#
2. ... Kb2 3. Da2#
will force the weird animation to show what you intend it to show (2020-09-21)
James Malcom: I know how to do that Henrik-it is but my intention to animate the thematic line only. (2020-09-21)
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Promotion in the key, Castling as mating move
Genre: 3#
FEN: 8/6P1/8/8/3B4/2p5/p7/RNk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-21
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
35 - P1380122
Zalmen Kornin
Kibitzer's Cafe 5/8/2004
P1380122
(9+5) C+
#4
1. g8=D! d5 2. exd6ep Kc2 3. Sxc3 Kd3,Kb2 4. 0-0-0#,Dxa2#
play all play one stop play next play all
Final development of the earlier P1380121

https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessforum.pl?kpage=587&archive=1#kibitzing

"For those interested in Chess Problems: In Tim Krabbé's "Open Chess Diary" the investigation on an idea in Composition, the so called "Belén-Theme" goes on with more novelties; - i'm arriving from that chess-cyber-café... i found that Problemist, he asked me "do You know the Valladão-Theme?" - Yes, i knew that jargon: "The Problem is pronto" What? "Ready" He showed me and asked me to publish here (is related to the previous ones) Author: Z. Kornin; "The Kibitzer's Café" 2004, Original - White: Ke1, Ra1, Bd4, Nb1, Pb6, Pc5, Pe5, Pg4, Pg7 (9); Black: Kc1, Pa2, Pc3, Pc6, Pd7 (5) - Mate in 4 , or in Forsyth: 8-3p2P1-1Pp5-2P1P3-3B2P1-2p5-p7-RNk1K3 (9+5) #4 < the key introduces a threat against 'a2', 'b3' and 'c4' , there are two related thematical variations, following a scheme aAbB - bBaA in the second and third moves; the sideline defenses 2...axb1 or 2...Kb2 in the 1...d5 variation are not total stops from the initial threats; in the en-passant moment there's a choice too: 3.cxd6 ep? c5! and Black will not fall in zugzwang; so 3.exd6!! - this effects springs from a natural setting - the Pawn 'c6' is necessary to stop an eventual Qxd5... Pawns 'b6' and 'g4' prevents duals in thematical play, other features are similar to the Author's scheme from "The Kibitzer's Café" July, 29 - see above Page 566.> The last chapter from a Chess-Composition workshop on-line!!"

Konig and Turm: ""Noch im Jahr der Thema(*)-Entdeckung (*the Belén) gelang dem Brasilianer Kornin eine Darstellung mit dem Valladão-Task" Hanspeter Suwe (2007);" (quote taken from here-https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessuser?uname=vonKrolock)

Tim Krabbe's minuscule mention in #253 in a small edit to the 7/28 P.S: "(NB: see pages 566 [P1380121 ] and 587 of that forum for the on-line development of a Valladao-Belén.)"


http://www.berlinthema.de/Auswahl_PH.pdf-"Das Belén-Thema verlangt den schwarzen Königsmarsch von c1 nach d3 gefolgt von der weißen langen Rochade – wie P.H. richtig anmerkt, sollte man besser von einem „Motiv“ sprechen. Kornins Stück verbindet dieses Motiv vermutlich erstmalig mit einem Valladao.
Auf mich wirkt ein Valladao mit Damenumwandlung allerdings immer „halb“, denn der „eigentliche“ Sonderzug ist doch eine Unterverwandlung? Eine solche würde auch einen selbstverständlichen Schlüssel verhindern."
James Malcom: This is the first Valladao-Belen: the Belen theme plus promotion and en passant. (2020-09-21)
Henrik Juel: Only the cases with Black defending by d7-d5 and Kc1-c2 in his first two moves lead to dual-free full-length variations (2020-09-21)
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Valladao Task, En passant, Promotion in the key, Castling as mating move
Genre: n#
FEN: 8/3p2P1/1Pp5/2P1P3/3B2P1/2p5/p7/RNk1K3
Reprints: H48a Der Reiz des Ungewöhnlichen
König & Turm 22, p. 14, 5/2007
(15) MatPlus.net Forum 8/9/2019
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-21
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-10-27 more...
36 - P1380124
Joaquim Crusats
chessproblem.net 1/1/2007
P1380124
(8+8) C+
#4
1. Df8! Sxc2+ 2. Lxc2+ Kxc2 3. Db4 Kd3 4. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
https://www.chessproblem.net/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=60&p=2362

http://joaquimchessproblem.blogspot.com/2008/09/blog-post_40.html
Henrik Juel: But duals in short variations (2020-09-21)
James Malcom: So, Henrik? (2020-09-21)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Castling as mating move
Genre: n#
Computer test: Gustav 4.1d, Brute Force
FEN: Q7/1R6/8/8/P1ppp3/n1p1p3/2P5/RBk1KbN1
Reprints: König & Turm 22, p. 14, 5/2007
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-21
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
37 - P1380125
James Malcom
(1) MatPlus.net Forum 29/8/2019
P1380125
(8+6) C+
s#6
1. Sd3+! Kc2 2. Tc5+ Kxd3 3. Dd6+ Ke4 4. Sc3+ bxc3 5. De5+ Kd3 6. 0-0-0+ Td2#
play all play one stop play next play all
http://matplus.net/start.php?px=1600576227&app=forum&act=posts&fid=xshows&tid=2343
James Malcom: As far as I know, this is the first presentation in a selfmate. Of course it can be argued that a Belen only constitutes White castling with mate, but as far as I see it as long as the BK's journey is done and the last move is White's castling, it is a Belen. haven't seen any opposition to this as I have seen. (2020-09-21)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Checking key, Castling
Genre: s#
Computer test: Gustav 4.1d, Brute Force
FEN: 8/8/1Q6/1R6/1p3N2/bp6/br3PP1/RNk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-21
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
38 - P1380126
James Malcom
(10) MatPlus.net Forum 31/8/2019
P1380126
(7+4) C+
s#3
1. Lc2+! Kxc2 2. Dd3+ Kxd3 3. 0-0-0+ Sd2#
play all play one stop play next play all
http://matplus.net/start.php?px=1600576227&app=forum&act=posts&fid=xshows&tid=2343
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Checking key, Castling
Genre: s#
Computer test: Gustav 4.1d, Brute Force
FEN: 8/8/3QR3/2r5/1pn5/B7/1P6/RBk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-21
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
39 - P1380128
James Malcom
(34) MatPlus.net Forum 18/9/2019
P1380128
(12+7) C+
#5
1. Sbc3!+ Kc2 2. cxd8=S b5 3. cxb6ep Txe6+ 4. Sxe6 Kd3 5. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
http://matplus.net/start.php?px=1600656376&app=forum&act=posts&tid=2343&fid=xshows&page=1

http://www.berlinthema.de/Auswahl_PH.pdf-"Wenn man eine Unterverwandlung haben will, ist die Springerumwandlung in der Regel am einfachsten zu erzeugen, wegen der unterschiedlichen Gangart des Springers. Die (H48b) mag als Erstdarstellung ihre Berechtigung haben, doch daß Schwarz statt b7-b5 auch b7-b6 spielen kann, entwertet m.E. den e.p.-Schlag weitgehend. Zudem wirkt angesichts des ungedeckten Satzschachs das erste Zugpaar künstlich aufgesetzt."
James Malcom: This is the first Valladao-Belen with an underpromotion. However, it is damaged by the common "short" ep and a dualistic move order. (2020-09-21)
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Valladao Task, Checking key, under-promotion (S), En passant, Castling as mating move
Genre: n#
FEN: 3b4/1pPPr1p1/4P1P1/p1P5/N1p5/P7/P4P2/RNk1K3
Reprints: H48b Der Reiz des Ungewöhnlichen
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-21
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
40 - P1380129
Zalmen Kornin
harmonie 2006
P1380129
(4+3) C+
h#2*
* 1. ... 0-0-0#
1. Kc2! Sb1 2. Kc1 Sa3#
play all play one stop play next play all
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme (Anti-), Castling as mating move (Satz)
Genre: h#
Computer test: Popeye 4.83
FEN: 8/8/8/8/N1p5/2Nkp3/8/R3K3
Reprints: chessproblem.net 25/2007
(15) MatPlus.net Forum 22/9/2019
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-21
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
41 - P1380143
Peter Hoffmann
H48c Der Reiz des Ungewöhnlichen 9/2019
P1380143
(14+9) C+
#5
1. Sxc3+! Kc2 2. b8=T! f5 3. gxf6ep Lb5 4. Txb5 Kd3 5. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
See the improved P1380148

http://www.berlinthema.de/Auswahl_PH.pdf-"In der einschlägigen Diskussion im „MatPlus Forum“ schälte sich heraus, daß Darstellungen mit Turm- oder Läuferumwandlung noch nicht existier(t)en, und dies rief P.H. auf den Plan, der ja ausdrücklich unerforschtes Terrain sucht.
In seinem Stück ist die Unterverwandlung in einen Turm im zweiten Zug logisch begründet – was auch hier das erste Zugpaar aufgesetzt wirken läßt. Mir scheint, daß das Belén-Motiv eher eine hinderliche Vorgabe ist ... 51
(Die Zweckreinheit der schwarzen Reihenfolge-Auswahl, welche die Damenumwandlung
widerlegt, soll hier nicht näher untersucht wurden. Unseres Erachtens ist sie zweckrein, falls man bereit ist, den Austausch der Möglichkeit 5. L:e4# durch die Möglichkeit 5. 0-0-0# als bloße Kompensation zu sehen.)"

http://matplus.net/start.php?px=1570441154&app=forum&act=posts&fid=gen&tid=2361&pid=17978#n17978

Post #1-"A wonderfull surprise! PH presented today a brand new Valladao-Belen, its already published in Erik Zierke's online book in PDF on Hoffmann's works:

http://www.berlinthema.de/AUSWAHL_PH.pdf

page 181, with full solution and comments. In page 180 are also presented, and commented, the known examples of Valladao-Belen (Just two so far, one of them evolved online recently here in MP):

http://matplus.net/start.php?px=1569833313&app=forum&act=posts&fid=xshows&tid=2343&pid=17926#n17926

After a promotion to Queen, and a promotion to Knight, now we have a promotion to Rook.

****** Peter, thanks for Your interest in the Valladão-Belén!! :"

Post 7-"In his excellent # 5, Peter Hoffmann introduces important novelties in the VB field: The promotion move act in three different levels of significance (control of b3, of b5 avoiding to affect d3, and - not least- create a threat of mate in two in e4, allowing a consistent en passant part in real play) : 2.b8 = R is the most impressive single movement in the whole VB's history!

He refers to the Belén as a "motif". In the old Rebnora forum discussions Frank Richter alluded to an "ornamental effect". For Erik Zierke, the Belén condition arrive to become an obstacle ('Hindernis') for the more satisfactory expression in the Valladão field (in the same book we find others of Peter Hoffmann's creations in this field)."
James Malcom: The first Valladao-Belen with a rook promotion. (2020-09-22)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Valladao Task, Capture key, Checking key, under-promotion (T), En passant, Castling as mating move
Genre: n#
FEN: B3b3/1P3pPQ/4p3/3pP1P1/3Pn3/BPp2p2/pP3P2/RNk1K3
Reprints: (1) MatPlus.net Forum 30/9/2019
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-22
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
42 - P1380144
James Malcom
Zalmen Kornin

chessproblem.net 10/8/2019
P1380144
(12+9) C+
#5
1. Sc3+! Kc2 2. h8=L! e5 3. fxe6ep cxd4 4. Lxd4 Kd3 5. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
https://www.chessproblem.net/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=1078&p=2344&hilit=belen#p2344

"Yes, a Valladao-Belen with a Bishop promotion, and the first to ever appear before the public !"

http://www.berlinthema.de/Auswahl_PH.pdf-"P.H.s (H48c) löste eine verstärkte Suche nach einer Darstellung mit der nun einzig noch feh- lenden Läuferumwandlung aus, und formell ist die (H48e) die Erstdarstellung. Allerdings sehen wir hier dieselbe gravierende thematische Schwäche wie in der (H48b), daß der Doppelschritt vor dem e.p.-Schlag nicht exklusiv ist und Schwarz ebenso den Einzelschritt spielen könnte – wodurch es zum gleichen Spiel kommt nur ohne den thematisch unabdingba- ren e.p.-Schlag."

http://matplus.net/start.php?px=1600576227&app=forum&act=posts&fid=xshown&tid=2367-"****...and the solution now is complete. Yes, You knew already, I'm sure: "habemus episcopus" - after Q, N and R, a promotion to Bishop in a published Valladao-Belen!"
James Malcom: The first Valladao-Belen with a bishop promotion. (2020-09-22)
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Valladao Task, Checking key, under-promotion (L), En passant, Castling as mating move
Genre: n#
FEN: 8/4p2P/3p4/pPpp1P2/B1pP1P2/Br3p2/1P3P2/RNk1K3
Reprints: H48e Der Reiz des Ungewöhnlichen
(1) MatPlus.net Forum Moremovers 10/8/2019
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-22
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
43 - P1380148
James Malcom
Peter Hoffmann

H48d Der Reiz des Ungewöhnlichen 9/2020
JM nach PH
P1380148
(15+7) C+
#5
1. Sxc3+! Kc2 2. b8=T! d5 3. cxd6ep Dxb5,Dc6 4. Txb5,Lxc6 Kd3 5. 0-0-0#
3. exd6ep? Dxe6+!
3. Lxd5? Dd8!
play all play one stop play next play all
See P1380143

http://www.berlinthema.de/Auswahl_PH.pdf-"James Malcom weist darauf hin, daß ohne die schwarze Logik in der Widerlegung der Damenumwandlung man eine eindeutige Zugreihenfolge in der Lösungsphase erhalten kann. Danke für das Interesse an unserer Schrift!"
James Malcom: Some months back, I managed to improve Hoffmann's P1380143. But has only been published recently alongside it, and ironically in the same month. The point here is that there is but a single solution. It turned out to be scarcely possible, requiring every White man but the queen. (2020-09-22)
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Valladao Task, Capture key, Checking key, under-promotion (T), En passant, Castling as mating move
Genre: n#
FEN: B1N1q3/1P1p4/4P1p1/1RP1P1P1/8/BPp2p2/pP3P2/RNk1K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-22
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
44 - P1380158
James Malcom
chessproblem.net 14/10/2019
P1380158
(7+8) C+
#3
1. b8=D? Lb3!

1. Lxa2+! Kc2 2. b8=D Kxd3 3. 0-0-0#
2. ... e2,~ 3. Db1#
1. ... Kb2 2. b8=D+ Kxa1 3. Db1#
2. ... Kxa3 3. Lb1#,Lxc4#
2. ... Kc2 3. Db1#
play all play one stop play next play all
https://www.chessproblem.net/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=60&p=2362
Henrik Juel: C+ Popeye 4.61, except for the mate dual after 2... Kxa3 (2020-09-22)
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Capture key, Checking key, Promotion, Castling as mating move
Genre: 3#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/1P6/8/8/2ppp3/P1pPp1n1/b7/RBk1K1N1
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-22
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-09-23 more...
45 - P1380160
James Malcom
chessproblem.net 14/10/2019
nach György Paros
P1380160
(5+6) C+
h#3
1. Lc7+! Kxc7 2. Da6 Kd6 3. 0-0-0+ Sd7#
play all play one stop play next play all
See P0533854

https://www.chessproblem.net/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=60&p=2362
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme ("Reversed"), Checking key, Castling
Genre: h#
Computer test: popeye 4.85
FEN: rbK1k3/qp6/1p6/1PN5/8/8/4P3/2R5
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-22
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-09-22 more...
46 - P1380368
James Malcom
MatPlus.net Forum 22/9/2020
Gewidmet Zalmen Kornin & Peter Hoffmann
P1380368
(14+9) C+
#7
1. Sc3+! Kc2 2. exd4 hxg1=D+,T+ 3. Txg1 Lxh5 4. g4 fxg3ep 5. Txg3 Lg4 6. Txg4 Kd3 7. 0-0-0#
play all play one stop play next play all
http://matplus.net/start.php?px=1601242024&app=forum&act=posts&fid=gen&tid=2488

http://www.berlinthema.de/Auswahl_PH.pdf-"J.M. arbeitete weiter am Valladao-Belén und konnte ihn schließlich gemischtfarbig zeigen! Den „Umwandlungsdual“ halten wir für irrelevant, da ohne Pattmotiv die Turmumwandlung kein eigenständiger Zug ist. Und wir anerkennen durchaus die Pionierleistung! Andererseits ist ein ungedecktes Satzmatt eine sehr häßliche Konstruktionserleichterung."
more ...
comment
Keywords: Belen Theme, Valladao Task, Checking key, En passant, Promotion, under-promotion (t), Castling as mating move
Genre: n#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/5B2/6P1/3P3Q/2pq1pb1/Bp2Pp2/pP3PPp/RNk1K1NR
Reprints: H48j Der Reiz des Ungewöhnlichen 9/2020
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-27
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-10-28 more...
47 - P1380454
James Malcom
www.chess.com 19/8/2019
P1380454
(7+10) C+
h#3
1. Ka4 0-0 2. Lh1 Le1 3. g2 Tf4#
play all play one stop play next play all
Theme: Double square vacation in a helpmate

https://www.chess.com/forum/view/general/helpmate-in-3-moves
A.Buchanan: I really like this one :-) (2020-10-01)
A.Buchanan: If you can start the bishops on f1 & g1, then could have #h4 with the end position being double platzwechsel. Easy to get the h#3.5 - shift Lf2 to g1 & change Be3 to White. I can't help the nagging feeling that I might have seen this double swap somewhere before, but I think it was Black doing the castling (2020-10-01)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Cheney-Loyd, Castling
Genre: h#
Computer test: Popeye 4.61
FEN: 8/N7/2p5/k4p2/4b1p1/p3p1pp/P1p1PB1P/4K2R
Input: James Malcom, 2020-09-30
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-09-30 more...
48 - P1380523
Nels H. Nelson
760 Los Angeles Times , p. 30, 28/3/1937
"April Fool Joke"
P1380523
(9+5)
#3
1. gxh6ep+! Kxf7 2. 0-0xg1! Sf6 3. e8=sS#!
play all play one stop play next play all
28/3/1937-https://www.newspapers.com/clip/25408700/chess-by-herman-steiner/

"NELS NELSON

We have heretofore published many of Nelson's fine problems and should like to show any readers the more humorous side of his talent. This winter our distinguished friend is spending his vacation in Los Angles. It is with his kind permission that we are publishing this story and problem.

Nels Nelson, born in Denmark in 1871, emigrated to the United States when 12 years of age. He learned the moves of chess in Denmark and began solving and composing problems in 1894. He was chess editor of the Minneapolis State Chess Asccostion, 1911-1912, president of the Minnesota State Chess Asccostion, 19229-1930, and lives at Hopkins, Minn., a suburb of Minneapolis.

AN APRIL FOOL JOKE

A certain celebrated chess master, who we will designate as Mr. "X," while on in the provinces happended into a tavern which was the mecca of the village chess players. Mr. "X," very fond of practical jokes, concieved a plan of sprining on one of the unsuspecting natives. Professing ignorance of the game, the champion of the club offered to teach Mr. "X" its intricacies. After showing Mr. "X' all of the moves with the exception of pawn promotion, pawn takes pawn, etc., and castling, the champion said the following: ""I have purposely ommited three of the manuvers in chess, which to the beginner are somewhat difficult to grasp. They are pawn promotion-when a pawn reaches the eigth rank it ceases to be a pawn but may but it may be converted to any piece on the board and assumes its function at once. It it thus theortically possible to have as many as nine queens on the board at once, and so on down the line." The champion then went to explain the castling on the king and queen side and emphasised the importance of moving the king first. The act of pawn takes pawn "en passant" was then throughly explained and the actual game started with the champio givng odds of queen to Mr. "X," who proved to be a very apt pupil! Mr. "X" lost the first game in short order-walking boldy into a mating net. In the second game he gave the champion quite the battle and won the approbation of that was worthy. In the third game, the champion managed to trap Mr. "X's" queen but had to give up two pieces for it and saw that he had a lost game but continued on in the hope that his expierenced opponent would make some mistake. When the game has reached the postion in the diagram the champion was dumbfounded to hear Mr. "X" announce mate in three moves. "Impossible!" exclaimed the champion. "You should win, of course, but mate in three cannt be done." "Well, if you have interpreted the move and rules correctly, I am certain I see a mate in three," said Mr. "X." "Of course I have interpreted the rules correctly, exclaimed the now irate champion: and I will lay you a wager of dinner for the members of the club that you fail to mate in three moves." "Done!" cried Mr. "X." By this time nearly ever member in the clubwas watching the game with interest. Now, who won this wager? It will be shown in the solution April 11."

11/4/1937-https://www.newspapers.com/clip/25408721/chess-by-herman-steiner/

"SOLUTION TO PROBLEM 760 by N. Nelson: "April Fool Joke."

White: K. on K1 R. on Q7, and KR1: Kt. on KB7 and KB8: B, on QB5: P. on K7, KKt5, and KKt2, Black: K. on KKt2: R. on KKt1: Kt. on K1: B. on KKt8: P. on KR4. (Wh. 9: BL. 5.)

Many members of the club were very fine players and felt their champion would win. Curiously, most of them were pulling for mr. "X," as the champion was somewhat of a braggard and if he won they felt they wouls be hearing about it for a long time. They were, therfore, keenly alert when Mr. "X" started to proceed the game. "My first move is pawn takes en passant," said the smiling Mr. "x." "Of course, I anticipated that move," replied the champion, "and I shall meet it with king takes knight." Oh well then I shall make for my second move, castle: taking the bishop," continued Mr. "X." "This move is according to your definition of castling, perfectly legitimate, as the king moves first, and the bishop being on the knight squar, certainly is subject to capture." "Well," replied the champion, "I must say your interpretation is far fetched, but I will grant you even this point as I fail to see how you mate on the next move: you evidently overlook the fact that when you promote the pawn the king will be able to capture it. Of course, I am forced to interpose my knight and it is pinned, but the king will still be able to take care of that promoted pawn. " Well," smiled Mr. "X," "I shall, however, mate you by pawn to king eight, discovering check, as I shall claim a black knight for the promoted pawn, which, according to your interpretation of pawn promotion, is perfectly legitimate. You stated I might choose any piece on the board and, of course, as the black knight is the only piece that will mate, I naturally selected it."
Exit champion.

We are publishing the best solution sent in my Ladderite L. A. Post, incidentally only two others solved this April Fool Problem.

Problem 760 to complete the tale that Mr. Nelson started to what I believe to be the logical solution according to the rules given by the local champion.
1. White: Pawn takes pawn "en passant" check.
The local champion then captured the white knight reposing on his "bishop two."
1. Black: king takes knight.
"Now," continued Mr. "X" "I understand to quote you, the king moves firstl in castling."
"That is correct," agreed the champion.
Thereupon Mr. "X" executed the move in the prescribed manner by first moving his king to his king knight square and removing the champion's bishop and then setting his rook down on his king bishop square calling check.
The champion was nonplussed, for in stating the rules for "castling" he had failed to forsee a circumstance of this kind. He was forced to admit that, according to his own statement, such a move was possible But seeing in spite of this that it was still impossible to checkmate on the next move, he conceded the point and interposed his knight.
2. Black: Knight to king bishop three.
"Did you not say," resumed Mr. "X," "that in 'pawn promotion' you could reclaim to any piece on the board?"
"That is correct," conceded the champion, "but since you insist on taking me literally I might add that there is no "queen' on the board you may claim in one."
"In that case," stated Mr. "X," "I will be equally generous and present you with a 'knight.'"Whereupon Mr. "X" removed the pawn at king seven and placed a black 'knight' at king eight discovring checkmate to the champion's "king."
"Such a thing is impossbile !" cried the outraged champion.
"Not at all," replied Mr. "X," "for according to your statement that "upon reaching the eight rank a pawn be converted to any piece on the board and assumes its function at once.'"
To this the other members agreed. So the champion held a dinner in honor of Mr. "X," the most apt pupil he had ever taught.

Resepctfully yours,

L.A. Post
Seaman, First Class, U.S. Navy,
U.S..S Texas, San Pedro, Cal."
Henrik Juel: Some help is needed here, James
At least for me (2020-10-01)
A.Buchanan: Hi Henrik I am guessing it’s a cheatyface Valladao:
1. gxh6ep+ Kxf7 2. 0-0+ Sf6 3. f8=sS#
No proof for the ep, castling with capture and promotion to black officer (2020-10-02)
James Malcom: Bingo Andrew! (2020-10-02)
Henrik Juel: Even though I ought to stand by my fellow danish author:
This is a most crude 'joke' problem, especially the 'castling' with capture (2020-10-02)
A.Buchanan: It's kind of a running gag: three silly jokettes which do combine relatively harmoniously (2020-10-02)
A.Buchanan: 1. ... Kf6 allows a short mate, robbing White of the Valladao. 4nNbn/3RP1kN/8/6Pp/8/8/8/4K1bR is the best I can find, fixing the problem, and with less material (2020-10-02)
A.Buchanan: I was hoping that someone would spot that I have shifted a unit to h7 - i.e. the e.p. is even more Foolish :-) I claim it "improves" the problem because currently the e.p. *might* be legal :-) If this is too crude for some, then 4nNr1/3RP1k1/6N1/4P1Pp/8/8/8/4K1bR works. Note you need sTg8 to prevent 2. Sh8#, but wSg6 is blocking g-file, so wBg2 is still free to find other duties on e5. (2020-10-03)
James Malcom: Excellent improvements, Andrew! (2020-10-06)
A.Buchanan: Thanks James: do you think the one with Sh7 is excessively silly? (2020-10-06)
James Malcom: Yes, 'd say a bit too silly. (2020-10-16)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Joke, Valladao Task, Joke promotion (s), En passant as key, Castling, Checking key, under-promotion (s)
Genre: 3#
FEN: 4nNr1/3RPNk1/8/2B3Pp/8/8/6P1/4K1bR
Reprints: Los Angeles Times , p. 13, 11/4/1937
Input: James Malcom, 2020-10-01
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-10-16 more...
49 - P1380551
James Malcom
Mat Plus 192.2020
"The KIng's Dilemma"
P1380551
(7+8)
Gewinn
1. 0-0-0xd1+! g1=D 2. Txg1+ Kxg1 3. a6 f2 4. Ld4 Lb8 5. b5
play all play one stop play next play all
http://matplus.net/start.php?px=1601649783&app=forum&act=posts&fid=xshowe&tid=2441
James Malcom: P1380523 is the only predecessor I know with the idea of castling with capture. (2020-10-02)
comment
Keywords: Joke, Castling as key
Genre: Studies
FEN: 8/7B/8/P7/1Pp5/3p1p1n/1B1P2pb/R2nK2k
Input: James Malcom, 2020-10-02
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-10-04 more...
50 - P1380597
Udo Degener
Mirko Degenkolbe

Maroc Echecs 08/2020
4. Lob
10. Maroc Echecs Tourney
Section h#3,5-10
P1380597
(7+9) C+
h#8
1. e5 0-0-0 2. e4 Td3 3. exd3 e4 4. dxe2 e5 5. e1=L e6 6. Lxa5 e7 7. Ld8 exd8=S 8. a5 Sf7#
play all play one stop play next play all
Final award 09/2020
Judge Marcos Roland
[MD 1556]
(Der Preisbericht erschien auf der Website von Abdelaziz Onkoud Ende August 2020.)
Tries:
1. e5 Rb1?
2. e4 Rb5
3.axb5 is surprisingly too slow!

1. e5 Ra3? fails because of the white king standing around in the way.
1. e5 Rd1? also fails because of the white king standing around in the way.
Mirko Degenkolbe: Dies ist das zuglängste korrekte orthodoxe Hilfsmatt, in dem Weiß im ersten Zuge die Rochade ausführt. (2020-10-03)
comment
Keywords: Construction record, under-promotion (lS), konsekutive Umwandlungen 2 (lS), Castling
Genre: h#
Computer test: Gustav 4.1c
FEN: 8/6pp/p3p1pk/P5p1/6Pb/4P1p1/4P1P1/R3K3
Input: Marcin Banaszek, 2020-10-03
Last update: Felber, Volker, 2020-11-10 more...
51 - P1380852
James Malcom
Andrew Buchanan

MatPlus.net Forum 12/10/2020
nach Josef Cumpe
P1380852
(1+7)
Last two moves?
(-:
See P1234039 and P1375777
The joke here is that pawns may promote to enemy officers (but not to pawns or kings)
Henrik Juel: R: 1... 0-0-0+ 2.a7-a8=sT! (2020-10-12)
A.Buchanan: Maybe this is a moderate joke where we allow promotion to Bl officers, while son-of-P1375777 can be the extreme joke where promotion to any Bl unit is allowed (i.e. pawn & king too), including in the history of the game. What would Josef Cumpe think? :-) He and I are both dressed as clerics in out chesscomposers' blogspot pics: http://chesscomposers.blogspot.com/2012/08/august-16th.html. Perhaps he was a real one though? (2020-10-13)
comment
Keywords: Last Moves?, Joke promotion (t), Rex solus, Type C, Castling in the retro play, Joke, Promotion in the retro play (t)
Genre: Retro
FEN: 2kr2K1/1p1p1npr/8/8/8/8/8/8
Input: A.Buchanan, 2020-10-12
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-10-14 more...
52 - P1380882
James Malcom
Andrew Buchanan

PDB Website 14/10/2020
nach Josef Cumpe
P1380882
(2+7)
Last two moves?
(-:
See P1234039, P1375777 and P1380852.
The joke here is that pawns may promote to *any* unit (friend or enemy; officer, king or pawns).
Henrik Juel: R: 1... 0-0-0+ 2.a7-a8=sT
not 2.e7-e8=sK, because then sTa8 would have moved, and castling not allowed (2020-10-14)
A.Buchanan: Exactly, Henrik. Also: sB on 7th rank could retract to 8th rank, so we need sT instead (2020-10-14)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Last Moves? (2), Type C, Castling in the retro play, Non-standard material (tt), Joke, Joke promotion (t), Promotion in the retro play (t)
Genre: Retro
FEN: 2kr3K/1r1r1qrR/7p/8/8/8/8/8
Input: A.Buchanan, 2020-10-14
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-10-14 more...
53 - P1380892
Courtnay Lemon
343 American Chess Magazine Volume 2, p. 284, 12/1898
P1380892
(7+6)
#3
1. bxc6ep+! Kc7 2. 0-0-0 Dxb4 3. a8=S#
play all play one stop play next play all
Solution text from the 2/1899 issue: "A clever rendering of this "triple idea." It will be seen that Black cannot play simply 2.R-Q sq on account of 3. Q x Q ch."
zum Autor heißt es im 'ACM': Courtenay Lemon, New York
James Malcom: I found this most excellent early Valladao while ago, but only today did I finally find it again. This is the second one that I've found, i.e. P1380523

Is this the second oldest known Valladao after the 1867 P1360420 found by Keym?

The mainline should be C+, with the "legitimate" ep key, but with many dualed sidelines. (2020-10-14)
Henrik Juel: Something seems missing, James
There is no mate 3... Kc8,Kxc6 (2020-10-14)
Henrik Juel: Adding wSe7 would help (2020-10-14)
James Malcom: Henrik, Mario-many thanks!-has now fixed the position. I had missed the wSe7 when entering! (2020-10-14)
comment
Keywords: Joke (e.p.), En passant as key, Castling, under-promotion in mating move (S), Valladao Task
Genre: 3#
FEN: 1b6/Pk2N3/1q6/1Pp5/1Q6/4p1p1/2P5/R3K3
Input: James Malcom, 2020-10-14
Last update: Mario Richter, 2020-10-14 more...
54 - P1381277
Hartmut Brozus
18328 Die Schwalbe 305 10/2020
P1381277
(5+2) C+
s#5
b) Th1->a1
more ...
comment
Keywords: Castling (wk,wl), Echo, Aristocrat
Genre: s#
Computer test: Henrik Juel: C+ Popeye 4.61 (2020-10-25)
FEN: 8/8/3q4/8/R7/3k4/5Q2/N3K2R
Input: Rainer Staudte, 2020-10-25
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-10-26 more...
55 - P1381280
Hartmut Brozus
18330 Die Schwalbe 305 10/2020
P1381280
(5+2) C+
s#11
b) Ta1->h1
more ...
comment
Keywords: Castling (wl), Aristocrat
Genre: s#
Computer test: SCHRECKE: a)+b): C+, Gustav 4.1d, Brute Force (2020-10-25)
FEN: 8/6q1/8/Q7/7R/4k3/8/R3K2B
Input: Rainer Staudte, 2020-10-25
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-10-26 more...
56 - P1381376
Udo Degener
Mirko Degenkolbe

19248 Schach , p. 80, 07/2020
P1381376
(11+8) C+
h#8*
* 1. ... Lxb3 2. c5 Ld1#
1. c5 Lxb3 2. cxb3 0-0 3. c4 Tf3 4. exf3 gxf3+ 5. Kh3 g4 6. Lxg4 Le1 7. Lh5 Kf2 8. Kh4 Kg2#
play all play one stop play next play all
19.248 (Degener/Degenkolbe) Satz: 1… L:b3 2.c5 Ld1 matt; 1.c5 L:b3 2.c:b3 0-0 3.c4 Tf3 4.e:f3 g:f3+ 5.Kh3 g4 6.L:g4 Le1 7.Lh5 Kf2 8.Kh4 Kg2 matt (4 P.). „Weiße Rochade in Verbindung mit Satzspiel und Inder. Erstdarstellung dieser Themenkombination?“ (Autoren). „Geschickte Befreiung aus dem Patt, mit überraschendem Matt auf h4“ (KR).
[MD 1524]
SCHRECKE: C+, Gustav 4.1d, Brute Force (2020-10-30)
comment
Keywords: Castling (wk), Indian
Genre: h#
FEN: 8/8/2p3p1/5pPb/B1p1pPkB/1pP1P1P1/1P4P1/4K2R
Input: Felber, Volker, 2020-10-29
Last update: Felber, Volker, 2020-11-08 more...
57 - P1381497
James Malcom
chess.stackexchange.com 15/6/2020
P1381497
(3+4) C+
#1
Bosma
1. 0-0#!
play all play one stop play next play all
https://chess.stackexchange.com/a/29992/15543
A.Buchanan: Hi James, couple of nits about old Bosma:
(1) From the 1985 Laws: "Article 5. THE MOVES OF THE PIECES The King (a) Except when cast[l]ing, the king moves to any adjoining square that is not attacked by an opponent's piece." This is separate from Article 9. CHECK 9.1 "The king is In check when the square it occupies is attacked by one or two of the opponent's pieces; in this case the latter is or are said to be "checking the king.' 9.2 Check must be parried by the [move] immediately following." This point may have been an assumption in earlier compositions, as e.g. it prevents kings from being adjacent.
(2) And again from Article 5. "(f) Castling is prevented for the time being - (i) if the king's original square or the square which the king must cross over or that which it is to occupy is attacked by an opponent's piece," Does this prevent your 1.0-0?
What do you think? (2020-11-08)
James Malcom: Ah, why did I but never bother to look at the castling rules!

Well I see nothing against adjacent kings, and seeing about how the "loophole" was about was not explicitly stated couldn't be done, I see it as allowed, and thus what to watch out for in cooks.

The rule on castling says "piece," not pieces. So, quite simply, castling in, out (P1381498), and through (P1381499) check is allowed in my view. (2020-11-09)
James Malcom: Furthermore, if a king is "attacked," they are in check, plain and simple. So, since a triple check/ attack is not defined as a danger to the king, the king may go to any such square, including the acts of catling and adjacent kings.

Also, going by the law itself, and not the Bosma conditions, the king may be captured, but it does nothing and that side can never be checkmated, while Bosma Chess itself allows no king capture. But since the effect is the same, allowing for my jokes to be C+ by Winchloe if the program agrees. Maybe try out my castlings in it? (2020-11-09)
James Malcom: And indeed Andrew has tested my castling problems now-all are C+? (2020-11-14)
James Malcom: Typo-!, not ?. (2020-11-14)
more ...
comment
Keywords: Joke, Bosma, Miniature, Castling as mating move
Genre: n#, Fairies
Computer test: C+ WinChloe 3.51
FEN: 8/8/8/8/8/7n/5Rrp/2k1K2R
Input: James Malcom, 2020-11-03
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2020-11-13 more...
58 - P1381499
James Malcom
chess.stackexchange.com 12/8/2020
P1381499
(6+5) C+
#2
Bosma
1. 0-0+!
1. ... Shxf1 2. Dg4#
1. ... Sgxf1 2. Df2#
1. ... Lxf1 2. Tf2#
play all play one stop play next play all
https://chess.stackexchange.com/a/29992/15543
A.Buchanan: Nice way to combine an orthodox theme with Bosma castling (2020-11-13)
James Malcom: Thanks, Andrew. Castling with check is the easiest way to achieve it of course, not to mention the flight taking. I'll try out a version without check, here soon. (2020-11-13)
comment
Keywords: Joke, Bosma, Castling as key, Checking key, x pieces capture on one square, Flight taking
Genre: 2#
Computer test: C+ WinChloe 3.51
FEN: 8/8/8/5B2/5p1Q/5kn1/2NRb2n/4K2R
Input: James Malcom, 2020-11-03
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-11-13 more...
59 - P1381529
James Malcom
SuperProblem (Website) 05/11/2020
P1381529
(11+14)
#22
1. 0-0! droht 2. Tf8#
1. ... 0-0-0 2. Txb6+ Kc7 3. Tb7+ Kc8 4. Txb5+ Kc7 5. Tb7+ Kc8 6. Txb4+ Kc7 7. Tb7+ Kc8 8. Txb3+ Kc7 9. Tb7+ Kc8 10. Txb2+ Kc7 11. Tb7+ Kc8 12. Txb1+ Kc7 13. Tb7+ Kc8 14. Txd1 Tg8+ 15. Sg5 Kd8 16. Tdb1 Ta1 17. Txa1 exd5 18. Tb8+ Kc7 19. Txg8 dxe4 20. Tb1 d5 21. Tc8+ Kd6 22. Tb6#
play all play one stop play next play all
Longest problem with both sides castling

http://superproblem.ru/archive/probl/N/Malcom-22x-2020.gif
Henrik Juel: Popeye 4.61 with 'opt thr 1' found no flaws (2020-11-04)
James Malcom: I've managed a small extension, so do not computer test this yet. (2020-11-04)
Olaf Jenkner: Semi-finished problems should not be published. (2020-11-05)
James Malcom: I agree-this was a severe lapse in my judgement. (2020-11-05)
A.Buchanan: I think you’re being too hard on yourself, James. It’s hard to know when a problem is “finished”. Unless a position is just thrown together for a discussion, I tend to wait another sleep cycle to see if any more ideas pop up. But it’s not the end of the world if an electronically published problem gets improved a couple of days after the first post (2020-11-05)
James Malcom: I had had the previous position for a while now, but only yesterday did I see how to improve it. And the new position has now been entered. There are definite duals in the sidelines, but there is a forward, main, defense plan for Black. (2020-11-05)
comment
Keywords: Castling as key, Zwickmühle, Move Length Record
Genre: n#
FEN: r3k3/1R1pp2N/Bq1pp3/1n1P4/Pp1PP2P/rp2P3/1b6/1b1nK2R
Input: James Malcom, 2020-11-04
Last update: James Malcom, 2020-11-05 more...
60 - P1381558
Milomir Babic
8091 Phénix 279-280 11-12/2017
P1381558
(11+7)
s#11
1. Tb1+! Sxb1 2. Da3+ Sxa3 3. 0-0+ Sb1 4. a8=T+ La7 5. d5+ e5 6. dxe6ep+ Tg7+ 7. Kh1 e2 8. Te1 h5 9. b8=D h4 10. Db7 h3 11. Dg2 hxg2#
play all play one stop play next play all
Henrik Juel: Damaged by the dual 7... h5 8.b8=D,Te1 (2020-11-05)
comment
Keywords: Checking key, Castling, under-promotion (T), Promotion (D), En passant, Pawn mate, Corner mate, Pinning, pin-mate
Genre: s#
FEN: 7B/PPr1p3/7p/2b5/1NNP4/n2Qp3/1R5P/k3K2R
Input: Marcin Banaszek, 2020-11-05
Last update: Gunter Jordan, 2020-11-05 more...
61 - P1381642
Milomir Babic
8650 Phénix 301-302 11-12/2019
P1381642
(8+7)
s#11
1. d3-d4+! f7-f5 2. g5xf6ep+ Tg4-g6 3. 0-0+ Lf4-c1 4. Kg1-h1 h5-h4 5. Lg3-h2 h4-h3 6. f6-f7 b5-b4 7. f7-f8=L h6-h5 8. Lf8-d6 h5-h4 9. Lh2-g1 h3-h2 10. Ld6xh2 h4-h3 11. Tf2-g2 h3xg2#
play all play one stop play next play all
SCHRECKE: Nach 4. ... b4 geht 5.Lh2 oder 5.f7 (2020-11-09)
comment
Keywords: Checking key, En passant, Castling, under-promotion (L), Valladao Task, Pawn mate
Genre: s#
FEN: 8/5p1B/7p/1p4Pp/5br1/1N1P2B1/5R2/1k2K2R
Input: Marcin Banaszek, 2020-11-09
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-11-09 more...
62 - P1381790
James Malcom
Facebook 24/09/2020
P1381790
(7+5) C+
#3
1. h8=D+! e5 2. dxe6ep+ Kxd3 3. 0-0-0#
2. ... Kxb4 3. Db2#
play all play one stop play next play all
more ...
comment
Keywords: Valladao Task, Promotion in the key (D), En passant, Castling as mating move, Checking key, Flight giving key
Genre: 3#
Computer test: popeye 4.85
FEN: 8/4p2P/3p4/2pP4/1R6/2kBp3/8/R3K1N1
Input: James Malcom, 2020-11-12
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-11-13 more...
63 - P1381791
James Malcom
Facebook 26/09/2020
P1381791
(16+15) C+
BP in 6.5
Where did the Black queen disapear?
1. g3 b6 2. Lh3 La6 3. Lg4 Dc8 4. Sh3 Db7 5. 0-0 Dh1+ 6. Kxh1 Lc8 7. Te1
play all play one stop play next play all
more ...
comment
Keywords: Unique Proof Game, Castling
Genre: Retro
Computer test: C+ Natch 3.1
FEN: rnb1kbnr/p1pppppp/1p6/8/6B1/6PN/PPPPPP1P/RNBQR2K
Input: James Malcom, 2020-11-12
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-11-13 more...
Show statistic for complete result.

The problems of this query have been registered by the following contributors:

Gerd Wilts (9)
HBae (1)
Andreas Mokosch (1)
Henri Nouguier (1)
Zuncke/Bruder (1)
Felber, Volker (3)
Erich Bartel (4)
Frank Müller (1)
Klaus Funk (1)
James Malcom (34)
Marcin Banaszek (3)
A.Buchanan (2)
Rainer Staudte (2)