Die Schwalbe

11 problem(s) found in 1784 milliseconds (displaying 11 problem(s)). [COMMENTDATE>=20220810 AND G='Retro' AND K='Rochade'] [download as LaTeX]

1 - P0000822
Josef Haas
1938 Die Schwalbe 41 10/1976
Ergänze den wK, dann #2
Kees: +wKb5 1. Txc8 (2. Lxe7#)
0-0 is illegal for K or T must have made a move.
-1. a7-a5? Not possible with position of wL and bS (2022-11-23)
Keywords: Castling (sk), Add pieces
Genre: Retro
FEN: 2nBk2r/3pp3/1p1p2P1/p4NN1/PP4p1/7b/PP2P1Pp/2R2B2
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
2 - P0001285
Jean Oudot
370 Die Schwalbe 07/1960
R. Bédoni gewidmet
(11+11) C+
* 1. ... dxc5 2. Dxh3 0-0-0#
1. Db2 Le2+ 2. Kc2 Ld1#
play all play one stop play next play all
Henrik Juel: the five missing black men were captured by white pawns (exfxgxh, fxgxj), so with Black to move last move was with Ta1 or Ke1, and White may not castle
C+ Popeye 4.61 (2022-11-26)
A.Buchanan: Pleasant White tempo play in both phases (2022-11-27)
Keywords: Cant Castler (wl), Castling (wl)
Genre: Retro, h#
Computer test: HC+ Popeye 4.61 with simple retro logic
FEN: 8/7p/7P/2pr2pP/2bP2Pb/2pk1BRP/6qN/R3KNrn
Reprints: 553 FIDE Album 1959-1961 1966
157 Europe Echecs 90 07/1966
(10) diagrammes 112 01-03/1995
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2022-11-27 more...
3 - P0001349
Jean Oudot
Echiquier de France 1957
Rosalie Fay: White has lost only the bishops. So the pawn on c5 is not [Pa7] (because that entails 2 White units captured on black squares). White has played axbxcxdxe7, dxe, fxe, hxg, gxfxe. Black has 7 units, so white pawns have captured all missing Black units, but none on the a or h files.

Black has 2 pawns on the c-file, so one has captured. Thus [bPa7] and [bPh7] pawns have collectively captured no more than once. So at least one of them must have promoted, in order to either get to a file where White made a capture, or replace a captured unit; it didn't capture en route to promotion, so it displaced a white rook and thus spoilt one White castling right.

White would mate by 1 Rd1 & 2 Rd6 or 1 Rf1 & 2 Rf6, except that Black threatens Qxe2+. So either 1 0-0 or 1 0-0-0, though it's impossible to say which is legal. (2022-11-24)
Henrik Juel: one solution, but in two parts
if Ta1 has moved, 1.0-0 thr. 2.Dc8,Tf6#
if Th1 has moved, 1.0-0-0 thr. 2.Dg8,Td6# (2022-11-25)
more ...
Keywords: Partial Retro Analysis (PRA), Castling (wb)
Genre: Retro, 2#
FEN: 4Q3/1p2P3/brp1k1N1/1qp1P3/4P3/1NP1P1P1/1P2P3/R3K2R
Reprints: 223 Europe Echecs 130 09/1969
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2022-11-26 more...
4 - P0002056
Samuel Loyd
Musical World 1859
(2+4) C+
1. Da1! droht (unparierbar) 2. Dh8#
1. ... 0-0-0? ist illegal, da sK oder sTa8 schon gezogen haben muss
play all play one stop play next play all
Hans-Jürgen Manthey: Nachdruck SExpress 1.Mai 1947 S.41 Nr.33 (2022-10-15)
more ...
Keywords: Cant Castler, Castling (sg), Minimal, Miniature, Homebase
Genre: Retro, 2#
Computer test: C+ Popeye 4.61
FEN: r3k3/p1p5/Q3K3/8/8/8/8/8
Reprints: 73 150 Schachkuriositäten 1910
43 64 Schach-Scherze 1915
32 Retrograde Analysis 1915
168 Allgemeine Zeitung Chemnitz 27/11/1927
Arbeiter-Zeitung (Wien) 27/11/1932
8 Comoedia 09/07/1933
(II) Problem 37-40 09/1956
(D10) feenschach 27 04/1975
84 100 Classics of the Chessboard 1983
(7a) Die Schwalbe 145 08/1995
Thema Danicum 95 1999
52 Opfer-Opfer-Matt Gaudium 21 10/2000
Outrageous Chess Problems 2005
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2022-04-27 more...
5 - P0003630
Jean Oudot
652 Themes-64 10-12/1962
(9+6) C+
*) 1. ... 0-0#
1) 1. Dc5 Tf1+ 2. Df2 Txf2#
play all play one stop play next play all
A.Buchanan: White must cover g2. If not by check, then by rook. However Rf1 is check, so both Black's moves are forced to shield bK (2022-11-27)
more ...
Keywords: Cant Castler, Castling (wk)
Genre: h#, Retro
Computer test: HC+ Popeye 4.61
FEN: b7/7P/6p1/6qP/6Pb/3p1kNP/3P3P/4K2R
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2022-11-27 more...
6 - P0003720
Yuri Gordian
4496 Schach , p. 30, 01/1964
(7+9) C+
b) sBh7 nach a7
a) 1. 0-0 Tcg3 2. Sh8 Txg7#
b) 1. 0-0-0 Tgc4 2. Sb8 Txc7#
play all play one stop play next play all
more ...
Keywords: Castling, Cant Castler, Obvious promotion (T)
Genre: h#, Retro
Computer test: HC+ Popeye 4.61
FEN: r3k2r/1pp3pp/2n3n1/8/6R1/2R4P/4P1P1/5B1K
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1995-06-03
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2022-11-30 more...
7 - P0008537
Michel Caillaud
615v Europe Echecs 452 01/1997
(14+9) C+
BP in 21,5
1. d3! Sc6 2. d4 Se5 3. dxe5 Sf6 4. exf6 Tg8 5. fxg7 f6! 6. gxf8=S Tg3 7. hxg3 f5 8. Th6 f4 9. Td6 exd6 10. Se6 Dh4 11. Sc5 Dh3 12. gxh3 h6! 13. Lg2 h5 14. Lc6 dxc6 15. Kf1 Le6 16. Kg2 Lb3 17. axb3 0-0-0 18. Ta6 Td7 19. Tb6 a6! 20. Sa4 a5 21. Ta6 c5 22. Ta8#
play all play one stop play next play all
Vladimir Rey: C+ Natch 3.2 - Solution found: 1. Positions analysed: 51578. Resolution time: 5 h 33 mn 32.84 s. (2020-05-08)
Vladimir Rey: Check please: Keywords Tempo Loss. (2022-09-05)
Keywords: Unique Proof Game, Castling, Tempo Loss (Bbb), Non-standard material (S), Cross-capture
Genre: Retro
Computer test: Natch 3.2
FEN: R1k5/1ppr4/3p4/p1p4p/N4p2/1P4PP/1PP1PPK1/1NBQ2N1
Reprints: H14 FIDE Album Annexe 1995-1997 2004
Input: Gerd Wilts, 1997-01-02
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2020-05-08 more...
8 - P1000920
Unto Heinonen
R063c Probleemblad 09-10/2000
2. Preis
BP in 18,5
1. a4 b5 2. axb5 Sa6 3. Txa6 d5 4. Tg6 hxg6 5. b4 Th3 6. La3 Tg3 7. hxg3 Sh6 8. Txh6 Lh3 9. gxh3 gxh6 10. Lg2 Lg7 11. Le4 Lc3 12. dxc3 a5 13. Kd2 dxe4 14. Kc1 e3 15. De1 Dd1+ 16. Kb2 0-0-0 17. bxa5 Td3 18. Ld6 exd6 19. cxd3
play all play one stop play next play all
5 Überkreuzschläge von Bauern.
Henrik Juel: Natch 3.1 did nothing in half an hour (2018-12-14)
paul: Correction of P1000629 (2022-10-12)
Keywords: Unique Proof Game, Castling (sg), Cross-capture (5)
Genre: Retro
FEN: 2k5/2p2p2/3p2pp/PP6/8/2PPp1PP/1K2PP2/1N1qQ1N1
Reprints: feenschach 153, p. 195, 10-12/2003
H28 FIDE Album Annexe 1998-2000 2009
Input: Gerd Wilts, 2000-10-12
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2018-12-20 more...
9 - P1001038
Andrew Buchanan
4v Retros mailing list 21/01/2001
(14+1) C+
Last move?
1. 0-0 Kxe2 2. Te1#
R: 1. Ke4-e3
play all play one stop play next play all
Die vorherige Stellung war noch nicht tot, wenn Weiß noch rochieren darf.
AB: First proof of "can castle", without recourse to conventions. (2009-11-22)
A.Buchanan: deadpos doesn't understand about retro logic yet, so does not eliminate R: 1. Ke4xLSBe3? (2022-11-13)
more ...
Keywords: Dead Position, Castling, Superseded by (P1244258), Rex solus (s), Obvious promotion (L), Last Move?, Type B
Genre: Retro, 2#
Computer test: HC+ Forward Popeye 4.79 DP deadpos
FEN: 8/7Q/8/4BB2/2PP1P2/3NkN2/PP2P1P1/4K2R
Input: Gerd Wilts, 2001-01-25
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2022-11-13 more...
10 - P1012052
Henri Nouguier
diagrammes 2004
1. dxc3ep 2. Kxb5 3. Kc6 4. Kd7 5. Ke8 6. 0-0 Txg7#
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Un des PNd a pris 1 pièce blanche. pour venir de e7. Donc les PB b, c et d ne peuvent se croiser. Le PBg6 ne peut venir de f5 car il faudrait 2 prises noires! Seule reste le dernier coup blanc 0... c2-c4 Ceci implique que le FNb1 est issue de promtion ! C'est le PNb7, il aurait pris 2 pièces blanches. Les PNg5 et h5 ont pris 2 pièces blanches.
No. 11661 HN
A.Buchanan: “Obvious promotion” is intended to refer to something visible in the initial diagram position, not what is reached during series play (2022-09-14)
A.Buchanan: Similarly “non-standard material (2022-09-14)
more ...
Keywords: Seriesmover, Consequent, En passant as key, Promotion in the retro play (sLb1), Castling, Valladao Task
Genre: Retro, Fairies
FEN: 7r/5pnR/5PnR/1Pp2ppq/1kPp4/p2P4/P2pP3/Kbb4r
Input: Henri Nouguier, 2004-01-11
Last update: Mario Richter, 2022-09-14 more...
11 - P1401495
Igor Vereshchagin
Odessa 1997
Special commendation
(10+14) C+
h#2 (AP)
1. a4xb3ep+ Sxa5+ 2. Kd5 0-0-0# (by AP not Td1#?)
R: 1. b2-b4 Kb4-c4+ 2. Sd6-b7,Sd6xLc7
play all play one stop play next play all
With the typo wPd5 corrected to e5, the two forward candidate solutions are correct. How about the retro? Assume that White castling rights remain. bBg5 is promoted, and did so on c1 or g1. In either case, there were 6 pawn caps by Black, but in the former case, the blockaded wRh was not consumable. So the promotion must have been on g8, and White can't retract h2-h3. The missing White unit is light B, so was not just captured on e5 or b4. wRf6 is promoted, say wPd, which would have involved no captures.

This leaves b2-b4, preceded by Kb4-c4+ and before that Sd6-b7. Prior to b2-b4, why couldn't bQ have just played e.g. Qa8-a5+ instead? Because there would still be no prior move: wSb7 can't have just come from h5 or e6. Similarly Rc3-a3 has no precedent.

We don't know exactly what happened to sLc, but that doesn’t affect the soundness. It might have enabled wPc or wPd to capture. wPd did promote, but maybe it was wPc that after capturing promoted to T. Alternatively, Sd6xLc7 was possible.
Henrik Juel: Popeye 4.61 with 'opt enp b3' found no solution (2022-05-27)
Gerald Ettl: Schaut so aus, als ob die sDa5 nach e5 muss. 1.axb3 ep Sa5+ 2.Kxd5 0-0-0# (2022-05-27)
Gerald Ettl: aber auch 2.-Td1# ? (2022-05-27)
Henrik Juel: Andrew, can you throw any light on this problem? (2022-05-28)
Henrik Juel: Gerald, in AP problems like this one White must castle to legitimize the ep capture key (2022-05-28)
A.Buchanan: Hi Henrik, Gerald. I found this one in WinChloe with the current diagram. It gave the "solution" 1. axb3ep+ Sxa5+ 2. Kd5?? 0-0-0#. However when I tried running the WinChloe solver just now, it said there's no solution. Quite right: Rf5 controls d5. I don't think we can shift Qa5 to e5 though.
My first thought is that wPd5 should be on e5. Check my suggested solution in the solution text. However, as you will see, I think we need a second thought as well! Hope the finest retro minds can figure this out. Failing that, we could ask Igor. (2022-05-28)
Mario Richter: The diagram in the reprint in 'Uralsky Problemist' is exactly as given here. The solution given there without further explanation is: 1. ab+ (e.p.) Sxa5+ 2. Kd5 0-0-0#!
Notice that the second black move doesn't contain a capture sign!

Some typos in Andrew's analysis:
The black potential promotion squares should be c1 and g1.
White's last move couldn't have been b3-b4?? simply because that would give an illegal check. (2022-05-28)
A.Buchanan: Thanks Mario for the careful reading. I’ve fixed the errors. Pd5 may be a typo in the reprint then. It also creates a bogus retraction d4-d5, so I don’t think it can be right. Now for Igor. (2022-05-29)
A.Buchanan: Joaquim Crusats spotted R: 1. b2-b4 Kb4-c4+ 2. Sd6-b7, which I'm sure is the intended retraction. So we diagnose a single typo that occurred in the Uralsky reprint diagram: wPe5 appeared on d5. I suggest correcting it here. (2022-05-30)
A.Buchanan: Author confirmed this was a typo (2022-11-23)
more ...
Keywords: a posteriori (AP) (Type Petrovic), En passant as key, Castling (wg), Promotion (Tl), Valladao Task
Genre: h#, Retro
Computer test: Once the diagram typo was fixed, C+ Popeye v4.87 & basic but tricky retro logic
FEN: 3n4/1Np1p1p1/4pn2/q1p1PRb1/pPk1pr2/r6P/P4PP1/R3K3
Reprints: 18 The Ural's Problemist 13, p. 5, 02/1998
Input: A.Buchanan, 2022-05-27
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2022-05-30 more...
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The problems of this query have been registered by the following contributors:

Gerd Wilts (9)
Henri Nouguier (1)
A.Buchanan (1)