Die Schwalbe

3 problem(s) found in 3694 milliseconds (displaying 3 problem(s)). [PROBID='P1166983' OR PROBID='P1380948'OR PROBID='P1380949'] [download as LaTeX]

1 - P1166983
Johannes Hermann Zukertort
Philadelphia Times 27/12/1885
1. g8=sS# (schwarzer Springer)
play all play one stop play next play all

Duplicate Diagram: P1380948, P1380949

'Philadelphia Times' (27.12.1885) im Vorfeld des anstehenden Matches Zukertort-Steinitz):
"Zukey's Mate in One
Zukertort was, as might be expected, full of new good things in chess, and the following remarkable mate in one move, which he showed to an admiring gallery of spectators at the Manhattan Chess Club the other day, proves that he has more 'points' than are dreamed of in Steinitz' philosophy. ... 'Now.' said Dr. Zukertort, 'white has the move and he can legitimately, according to the letter of the rules of chess, checkmate in ONE move.'The 'gallery' was incredulous, but the doctor speedily demonstrated the correctness of his assertion. No doubt when Steinitz hears of this wonderful feat he'll try to cancel the match."
und bei den Lösungen am 03.01.1886: "The chief purpose of the 'problem' is to show that one of the rules in chess is imperfectly worded. We refer to the one relating to promotions of pawns, which says: A pawn reaching the eighth square must at once be exchanged for any piece (except king) that the player of the pawn may elect. ...
Now, white takes advantage of the literal reading of the rule and pushes pawn to knight's eighth, claiming black knight and discovering checkmate. This shows that the rule shonld be made 'any piece (except king) of his own color,' etc.
While on the subject of pawn promotion we might also state Steinitz and Zukertort, in their coming match, will have the right to allow a pawn to remain a pawn on the eighth row, for their match will be governed by the '"Dummy pawn "code of 1862, which allows that additional privilege to the player of the 'promoted' pawn."

Bezieht sich vermutlich auf die unpräzise Formulierung im Regelwerk der "British Chess Association" von 1862
Law XIII: "When a pawn has reached the eighth square, the player has the option of selecting a piece, whether such piece has previously been lost or not, whose names and powers it shall then assume, or of deciding that it shall remain a pawn."
(noch 1889(!) schreibt W. Steinitz in: 'The modern chess instructor' über den Bauer im Schachspiel (S.XVII): "He ... alone of all chessmen has the privilege of promotion, i.e., on reaching an eighth square he may be exchanged either for a Queen or any other piece his player may select. The laws of the British Chess Association, which we adopt, provide that his player may refuse his promotion, in which case he remains a Pawn as before, but unmovable, and he is termed a 'dummy' Pawn.")
Sally: Hier zeigt sich Zukertorts Humor!
Nachdruck in :
Numa Pretis ABC des Eches 1895.
Mit der Lösung nimmt er vermutlich eine nicht präzise formulierte Umwandlungsregel auf die Schippe. (2017-10-20)
Henrik Juel: I believe that the rule book just said that a pawn promotes to an officer, giving problem pranksters the opportunity to feature promotions to the opposite color and to king (2017-10-20)
Mario Richter: @Sally: Diese Aufgabe ist ja noch relativ harmlos. Wenn Du mal ein "richtiges" Beispiel für Zukertorts schrägen Humor kennenlernen möchtest, versuch' mal, P1342070 zu lösen ... (2017-10-21)
more ...
Keywords: Miniature Collection (0028869), Joke, Joke promotion (s), Rex solus (s), Character problem (T), Ideal mate
Genre: n#
FEN: 8/5RPk/6N1/6K1/8/8/8/8
Reprints: XVII ABC des Echecs [Preti] 1895
14 L'Express du Midi 28/05/1923
Input: Felber, Volker, 2010-09-12
Last update: A.Buchanan, 2020-10-21 more...
2 - P1380948
Johannes Hermann Zukertort
501 St. Louis Globe-Democrat 30/1/1886
1. g8=sS#!
play all play one stop play next play all

We believe the forgoing problem to be the only one that the distinguised chess master over composed.

Duplicate Diagram: P1166983, P1380949

Keywords: Joke, Joke promotion, Miniature, under-promotion (s)
Genre: n#
FEN: 8/5RPk/6N1/6K1/8/8/8/8
Input: James Malcom, 2020-10-15
Last update: Alfred Pfeiffer, 2020-10-15 more...
3 - P1380949
Mikhail Chigorin
The Pittsburgh Gazette 26/2/1911
1. g8=sS#!
play all play one stop play next play all


The followig problem was specially made by the late M. Chigorin to prove inadequate the wording of the rule about queening a pawn prevalent in former chess codes. Staunton's Chess Praxis gives the following definition: "When a pawn has reached the eight or last sqaure on its file it immediately assumes the name and power of any piece its player may select, except for a king."
The German code in use even now says: "Jeder Bauer, der bis auf die erste Felderreihe des Gegners vordringt, muss daselbst geich umgewandelt werden, nach freier Wahl des Spielenden, ohne Rücksicht auf die noch im Spiel vorhandenen Offiziere, zu einer Dame, Thurm, Läufer oder Springer gemacht werden." Tchgorin's problem was composed under the above rules.


White to play and mate in one

The code, however, which governs the game in Great Britain has been amended and Hoffer's book of the London International Chess COngress of 1899, says: "The promotion of a pawn is complete when such pawn is named or exchanged for a Queen, Rook, Bishop, or Knight of its own color." -From The Field

Duplicate Diagram: P1166983, P1380948

Keywords: Joke, Joke promotion, Miniature, under-promotion (s)
Genre: n#
FEN: 8/5RPk/6N1/6K1/8/8/8/8
Input: James Malcom, 2020-10-15
Last update: Rainer Staudte, 2020-10-19 more...
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The problems of this query have been registered by the following contributors:

Felber, Volker (1)
James Malcom (2)